MACHINES AND SYSTEMS FOR TRANSPORT AND LOGISTICS

MACHINES AND SYSTEMS FOR TRANSPORT AND LOGISTICS

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iten
Codice
94848
ANNO ACCADEMICO
2018/2019
CFU
5 cfu al 2° anno di 10377 SAFETY ENGINEERING FOR TRANSPORT, LOGISTICS AND PRODUCTION (LM-26) GENOVA
SETTORE SCIENTIFICO DISCIPLINARE
ING-IND/08
LINGUA
Inglese
SEDE
GENOVA (SAFETY ENGINEERING FOR TRANSPORT, LOGISTICS AND PRODUCTION)
periodo
1° Semestre
materiale didattico

PRESENTAZIONE

The unit deals with the most relevant topics related to machines and energy systems applied in the transport and logistics sector, analyzing their working principles, operating and technical issues and the relevant environmental impact.

OBIETTIVI E CONTENUTI

OBIETTIVI FORMATIVI

The module aims at providing the knowledge on the main types of machines, with particular reference to those used in transport and logistic systems as well as on the energy systems and environmental impact of power generation. The main design and operating aspects of the most important power plant systems are described, including combustion processes and pollutant emissions formation processes.

OBIETTIVI FORMATIVI (DETTAGLIO) E RISULTATI DI APPRENDIMENTO

At the end of the unit, the student is expected to be able to:

  • show an adequate and critical knowledge on machines and energy systems for transport applications, taking into account energy-related and economic issues;
  • analyse and compare systems and technologies, discussing criteria for their selection;
  • apply theoretical basis and operating principles to manage performance and environmental impact of machines and energy systems.

PREREQUISITI

Basic thermodynamic and fluid dynamics knowledge.

Modalità didattiche

40 hours of lectures, 5 hours of numerical practices.

PROGRAMMA/CONTENUTO

Lectures

General aspects

Primary energy sources and their transformations - Energy consumption worldwide and in Italy - Energy, transport and environment indicators.

Fundamentals for the study of machines and energy systems

Fluid machines classification – Work exchange in volumetric machines and turbomachines – Conversion efficiency in fluid machines – Thermodynamic cycles - Thermal power plants overall efficiency - Specific fuel consumption.

Combustion processes and pollutant emissions formation

Conventional and alternative fuels and their specifications – Air-fuel ratio and lower heating value – Combustion processes: general aspects and classifications, premixed and diffusion flames – Pollutants formation processes and their effect on health and environment.

Internal Combustion Engines (ICE)

ICE classification, engine components, nomenclature, operational parameters – Ideal and real operation of 2 and 4 stroke engines – Reference thermodynamic cycles for SI and diesel engines – Engine power correlations – Combustion processes in ICE – Engine performance maps – Supercharging and turbocharging – ICE pollutant emissions control.

Positive displacement compressors and pumps

Reciprocating and rotary displacement compressors: operating principle, constructive characteristics, ideal and real working cycle, flow rate control systems – Volumetric pumps: alternative and rotary machines, working principle, construction types – Characteristic curves – Fluid machine-circuit matching.

Gas turbine power plants

General aspects, open and closed circuit plants – Gas cycles: ideal and fuel-air and real cycle – Maximum efficiency and specific work condition – Gas turbine power plants for aeronautical and industrial application – Gas turbine power plant components: compressor, combustion chamber, expander.

Innovative propulsion systems

Hybrid propulsion: hybrid system configurations, hybrid categories (start-&-stop, micro, mild, full hybrid systems) – Electric propulsion: advantages/disadvantages, performance, operating range, costs – Fuel cell application to propulsion systems.

Environmental aspects of power generation

Chemical, thermal and noise pollution – Emissions and environment: main air quality issues – Environmental impact of gas turbine and internal combustion engines – Emission control systems and after-treatment devices.

Practices

Calculation of energy systems operating parameters.

Examples of operational design. 

TESTI/BIBLIOGRAFIA

Notes on different topics discussed in lectures will be provided by the teacher.

Y. Demirel – Energy: Production, Conversion, Storage, Conservation and Coupling – 2nd Edition, Springer, 2016.

S.L. Dixon – Fluid Mechanics and Thermodynamics of Turbomachinery – 4th Edition, Butterworth-Heinemann, 1998.

B. Miller – Fossil fuel emissions control technologies – Butterworth-Heinemann, 2015.

DOCENTI E COMMISSIONI

Ricevimento: Il docente riceve su appuntamento previo invio di un messaggio all'indirizzo e-mail: giorgio.zamboni@unige.it

Commissione d'esame

GIORGIO ZAMBONI (Presidente)

SILVIA MARELLI

MASSIMO CAPOBIANCO

LEZIONI

Modalità didattiche

40 hours of lectures, 5 hours of numerical practices.

INIZIO LEZIONI

September 2018 (1st semester), to be confirmed according to unit timetable

ESAMI

Modalità d'esame

Examination is based on an oral test, proposing two questions, selecting their subject among the unit topics.

Modalità di accertamento

The following aspects will be evaluated:

  • knowledge and understanding of topics discussed during the lectures;
  • application of a critical approach to compare options and characteristics of machines and energy systems;
  • use of proper technical language;
  • skills in reproducing and discussing simple technical schemes.