LIFE CYCLE ASSESSMENT AND ECODESIGN

LIFE CYCLE ASSESSMENT AND ECODESIGN

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iten
Codice
98071
ANNO ACCADEMICO
2018/2019
CFU
5 cfu al 1° anno di 10720 ENVIRONMENTAL ENGINEERING (LM-35) GENOVA
SETTORE SCIENTIFICO DISCIPLINARE
ING-IND/26
SEDE
GENOVA (ENVIRONMENTAL ENGINEERING )
periodo
1° Semestre
moduli
Questo insegnamento è un modulo di:
materiale didattico

PRESENTAZIONE

OBIETTIVI E CONTENUTI

OBIETTIVI FORMATIVI

Learn about sustainability, life cycle thinking and life cycle assessment as a tool to evaluate potential impacts along the life-cycle of a product for ecodesign purpose.

OBIETTIVI FORMATIVI (DETTAGLIO) E RISULTATI DI APPRENDIMENTO

On successful completion of this study, through lessons attendance and training activities such as oral lessons and exercises, the student should be able to:

  • Demonstrate an understanding of the key steps of ecodesign
  • Apply competently the basic principles of Life Cycle Thinking
  • Design and assess the sustainability of a product or a process plant using simulation tools
  • Work effectively as a member of an ecodesign team developing making judgements, learning and communication skills illustrating an industrial case study

Modalità didattiche

The course foreseen oral lessons, exercises, use of simulation software

PROGRAMMA/CONTENUTO

  • Ecodesign: Incorporating of environmental considerations into the design process. Life Cycle Thinking. Sustainability in process engineering design. Environment as an additional design requirement
  • Life Cycle Assessment (LCA): ISO 14040-44 standards. LCA phases: goal and scope definition; inventory analysis; impact assessment; interpretation. LCA applications.
  • Life cycle modeling through supporting tools: Presentation of tools used to collect, analyse and monitor the sustainability performance data of products and services; Techniques for modeling and analysis of complex life cycles. Measuring of the environmental impacts of products and services across all life cycle stages. Identification of the hotspots of the supply chain, from extraction of raw materials to manufacturing, distribution, use, and disposal. Sustainability reporting, carbon and water footprinting, product design, generating environmental product declarations and determining key performance indicators.
  • Case Studies: A number of ecodesign case studies will be carried out using commercial LCA software packages
  • Group Project: Teams of students will carry out an ecodesign case study. Each team is expected to present findings and conclusions at various stages and submit a final report for assessment demonstrating making judgements and communication skills

TESTI/BIBLIOGRAFIA

Teaching material and exercises will be available on Aulaweb platform.

The following book and standards could be useful a follow-up.

  1. Gerardo Ruiz Mercado, Heriberto Cabezas. Sustainability in the Design, Synthesis and Analysis of Chemical Engineering Processes. Butterworth-Heinemann, 2016
  2. ISO Standards 14040-14044 (2006)
  3. ILCD handbook (International Reference Life Cycle Data System). General guide for Life Cycle Assessment – Detailed guidance. JRC European Commission

DOCENTI E COMMISSIONI

Ricevimento: Su appuntamento

Commissione d'esame

ADRIANA DEL BORGHI (Presidente)

PAOLO VASSALLO (Presidente)

PAOLO POVERO

LUCA MORESCHI

MICHELA GALLO

CHIARA PAOLI

LEZIONI

Modalità didattiche

The course foreseen oral lessons, exercises, use of simulation software

ESAMI

Modalità d'esame

The exam consists of a project ecodesign presentation and of an oral examination. In particular, the project ecodesign consists of the realization and the presentation of the outcome of a Life Cycle Assessment study of an industrial process chosen by the student based on the teacher suggestions. To reach the oral stage, the students must pass the written test with a minimum grade of 18/30. The achieved course grade will be the average between the written and the oral examinations.

Three exam sessions will be foreseen during the winter session (January, February and during the Easter didactic stop of the Polytechnic School) and four exam sessions will be foreseen during the summer session (June, July, September and during the fall stop of the Polytechnic School). No extraordinary further exam sessions will be issued outside the regular Polytechnic School periods, with the exceptions of students without didactic activities in their current academic year curriculum.

Modalità di accertamento

The learning outcomes are assessed through the presentation of a project ecodesign and an oral exam.

The project design consists of the following steps: 

1.   Choose a process/plant/supply chain within the following: traditional processes (steel mills, refineries, glass and cements production plants, waste treatment), “innovative” processes (photovoltaic, fuel cell, bioplastic, biofuels, circular economy)

2.   Analyze the process through a Life Cycle Assessment study, retrieving data by scientific literature, publications, public reports using spreadsheets and modeling software. 

3.   Identify one or more aspects (substances, materials, emissions, waste) significant from an environmental point of view 

4.   Propose one of more plant/process/supply chain alternatives and study the obtained improvements 

5.   Draw up a sustainability report showing: case study, methodology and results

 

Criteria and scores for the project evaluation are the following: 

1.            Rigorous technical and scientific basis of the project: 20/30

2.            Innovation and topicality of the issue: 3/30

3.            Understanding and personal input to the issue: 5/30

4.            Quality of the report: 2/30

For a maximum of 30/30.

The ecodesign project will be presented during the oral examination. The exam aims to evaluate skills to apply the learning to specific case studies and to critically analyze processes from a comprehensive and holistic point of view. Quality of the presentation, correct terminology, and critical thinking skills will also be evaluated.