ENVIRONMENTAL PATHOLOGY

ENVIRONMENTAL PATHOLOGY

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Last update 09/05/2021 11:13
Code
106995
ACADEMIC YEAR
2021/2022
CREDITS
2 credits during the 2nd year of 11158 APPLIED AND EXPERIMENTAL BIOLOGY (LM-6) GENOVA
SCIENTIFIC DISCIPLINARY SECTOR
MED/04
TEACHING LOCATION
GENOVA (APPLIED AND EXPERIMENTAL BIOLOGY)
semester
2° Semester
Teaching materials

OVERVIEW

The teaching of Environmental Pathology is an optional course for the Degree in Applied and Experimental Biology. It can be selected for students of all three curricula.

AIMS AND CONTENT

LEARNING OUTCOMES

The course provides in-depth knowledge of the harmful consequences for humans of exposure to chemical and / or physical agents present in the environment or in the workplace, as well as of the pathogenic effects deriving from the alteration and deterioration of the environment due to anthropogenic activities (deforestation, intensive agriculture, industrial development, population growth).

AIMS AND LEARNING OUTCOMES

 

The in-depth study of the harmful effects and diseases that affect humans as a result of exposure to chemical and physical environmental agents allows the student to acquire solid knowledge and critical tools essential for understanding the relationship between health and the environment. Particular attention will be devoted to neoplastic pathology but also to pathologies that result from chronic exposure to major environmental pollutants.

PREREQUISITES

Solid knowledge of human physiology and general immunology are sufficient to easily face the teaching.

Teaching methods

16 hours of lectures with multimedia presentations

SYLLABUS/CONTENT

Neurotoxicity, hepatotoxicity and necrotizing effects of toxins produced by algae and fungi contaminating food and water. Toxicity of poisons produced by animals and plants.

Acute and chronic toxic action of pesticides, pesticides and fertilizers. Pathogenetic mechanisms.

Heavy metal toxicity (mercury, lead and chromium)

Pro-carcinogenic and pro-inflammatory action of atmospheric pollutants (sulfur dioxide, nitrogen dioxide, carbon monoxide, ozone, benzopyrene, benzene). Atmospheric particulate toxicity.

Occupational risks (asbestosis)

Radioactive contamination (pathogenetic mechanisms of radiation damage).

TEACHERS AND EXAM BOARD

Ricevimento: Anytime by appointment 

LESSONS

Teaching methods

16 hours of lectures with multimedia presentations

LESSONS START

Second semester

EXAMS

Exam description

The examination method will take place with an oral test.

Assessment methods

During the oral test, the student must correctly answer 2 questions relating to the exam program. To pass the exam, a sufficient answer will be required for both topics covered by the questions. For the final evaluation, the commission will evaluate the following requirements: the level of knowledge of the topics covered by the questions, the acquisition of the specialized vocabulary, the ability to to connect with other topics of program.