MARINE GEOPHYSICS

iten
Code
106961
ACADEMIC YEAR
2021/2022
CREDITS
6 credits during the 2nd year of 9022 Geological sciences (LM-74) GENOVA
SCIENTIFIC DISCIPLINARY SECTOR
GEO/11
TEACHING LOCATION
GENOVA (Geological sciences)
semester
2° Semester
Teaching materials

OVERVIEW

Marine Geophysics consists of the quantitative observation of physical parameters to understand seafloor and subseafloor geological processes. It is a fundamental discipline to explore for minerals and energy resources, to investigate geologic hazard of the submarine environment, and to understand fundamental processes in relation to marine geology and plate tectonics.

AIMS AND CONTENT

LEARNING OUTCOMES

The learning outcomes are:

  1. learn fundamental methods and technologies commonly used in surface and near-seafloor geophysical surveys;
  2. learn fundamental methods to interpret marine geophysical data;
  3. learn how to apply different geophysical methods to specific geologic and tectonic processes of the submarine environment.

 

AIMS AND LEARNING OUTCOMES

Students will learn how to develop an integrated and multidisciplinary geophysical approach to understand geologic and tectonic processes in the marine environment, for exploration and quantitative modelling. In details the student will be able to:

  1. describe the main methods in Marine Geophysics;
  2. choose the relevant methods to plan marine geophysical surveys aimed at solving specific geologic problems;
  3. interpret and model marine geophysical data.

 

PREREQUISITES

Preliminary knowledge of the following arguments is needed:

  1. Applied Geophysics methods;
  2. Petrophysical and electromagnetic properties of rocks;
  3. Earth gravity and magnetic field.

 

SYLLABUS/CONTENT

The course will develop the following main subjects:

  1. Marine magnetic anomalies. Rock magnetism, paleomagnetism and controls from oceanic drilling. Seamount magnetization. Geophysical signature of oceanic spreading at mid-ocean ridges and back-arc basins. Magnetic anomalies at subduction zones.
  2. Marine gravity anomalies. Application to submarine volcanoes. Marine gravity anomalies at mid-ocean ridges and subduction zones. Petrophysical controls from oceanic drilling on density and seismic velocities. Seismic structure of oceanic crust and submarine volcanoes.
  3. Heat flow. Convective regime. Geophysical signature of submarine hydrothermal systems and mineralization. Models of hydrothermal circulation, permeability and residence time. Borehole logs.
  4. Real example of integrated geophysical study of an arc submarine volcano including magnetic anomalies, heat flow, seismic reflection and results from oceanic drilling.

TEACHERS AND EXAM BOARD

Exam Board

FABIO CARATORI TONTINI (President)

MASSIMO VERDOYA

EGIDIO ARMADILLO (President Substitute)

DANIELE SPALLAROSSA (Substitute)

LESSONS

Class schedule

MARINE GEOPHYSICS

EXAMS

Exam schedule

Date Time Location Type Notes
14/06/2022 09:30 GENOVA Orale
12/07/2022 09:30 GENOVA Orale
06/09/2022 09:30 GENOVA Orale