PROJECT BASED LABORATORY ON ORGANIC PHOTOVOLTAIC (OPV) CELL

PROJECT BASED LABORATORY ON ORGANIC PHOTOVOLTAIC (OPV) CELL

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Last update 11/06/2021 07:09
Code
104100
ACADEMIC YEAR
2021/2022
CREDITS
2 credits during the 2nd year of 9017 Materials Science and Engineering (LM-53) GENOVA
SCIENTIFIC DISCIPLINARY SECTOR
CHIM/04
LANGUAGE
English
TEACHING LOCATION
GENOVA (Materials Science and Engineering)
semester
1° Semester
Teaching materials

AIMS AND CONTENT

LEARNING OUTCOMES

"PV cell architecture, materials, morphology and stategy to achieve an efficient Organic Photo Voltaics-OPV. Characterization of active semiconductors, processability, blending properties, absorption spectrum, electrodes with different work functions as well as methods of preparation of thin films for a multilayered OPV. "

AIMS AND LEARNING OUTCOMES

Aim of this laboratory is to introduce students to basic experimental procedures employed for the realization of an organic photovoltaic (OPV) cell. The course will include the study of materials, of the device architecture, and of their properties.  Another aim of the curse is to introduce students to characterization of the electrical and optical properties of photovoltaic cells, either organic or inorganic in order to assess their performance and the fundamental physical-chemical mechanism which are hindering their efficiency.

Teaching methods

Lectured delivered during the lab with Power Point presentations, examples, use of working devices, practical activity, data recording and data analysis

SYLLABUS/CONTENT

Module A will mainly be devoted to engineering and fabrication of OPV devices

A) DEVICE ENGINEERING

•            Device Engineering and material selection

After a brief remainder of the structure and property of a bulk heterojunction OPV cells, the student will define two suitable device architectures (e.g. planar junction, bulk heterojunction, use of hole and/or electron blocking layers etc) and select the proper active materials. The student will compare properties of materials available on the market for optimizing the following main building blocks of a OPV cell:

1)  Device electrodes (typically ITO coated glass for the anode and silver paste for the cathode)

2)  Holes and electron injection layers (e.g. PEDOT-PSS as hole transport material)

3)  Photoactive materials (e.g. regioregular polyalkylthiophenes (rrPATs) as electron donor and [6,6]-Phenyl C61 butyric acid methyl ester (PCBM) as electron acceptor)

 

B) FABRICATION

According to the selection made in module A, the following fabrication steps will be performed:

•            Thin film deposition from solution for material characterization

Students will investigate deposition techniques (e.g. spin-coating, drop casting) and evaluate the most appropriate one through spectroscopy. Casting of suitable materials (e.g. PEDOT-PSS, rrPAT, PCBM, and rrPAT:PCBM blends). In this phase it will be possible for them to investigate the effect of different loads of PCBM, and post-deposition treatments (i.e. thermal annealing and solvent annealing) to probe the role of polymer conformation on the film properties.

•            Device realization (deposition of thin active layers and electrodes) and material characterization

After optimization, the active layers will be casted on anode coated glass, and cathodes will be prepared by modified silver paste or other commercially available metallic inks. Optical properties of materials (both as solutions and thin films) such as transmittance and/or reflectance spectra will be recorded for thin films during fabrication. Photoluminescence spectroscopy will be used to control the degree of charge-transfer achieved in rrPAT:PCBM blends.

 

C) Electro-optical device characterization (this part will be performed di module B – details can be found there)

 

D) ANALYSIS  (in common with module A)

•            Critical data analysis

The electrical data for the different cells will be compared with the different parameter used for their growth in order to understand their role on cell performances. Particular focus will be devoted to the comparison of electrical properties with the optical ones recorded in module C. Critical comparison of the performance of the best organic cell produced with a commercial silicon one will be also performed.

•            Feedback to the growth and characterization steps

The assessment of the performances on the devices will be used to provide suggestion to improve materials, architectures and fabrication performed in module A and B.

RECOMMENDED READING/BIBLIOGRAPHY

M.C. Petty "Molecular Electronics", Wiley 2007.

Materials Concepts for Solar Cells” by Thomas Dittrich (Imperial College Press)

J. Nelson “The physics of solar cells”, Imperial college Press, 2003

TEACHERS AND EXAM BOARD

Ricevimento: For any other information, students are invited to directly contact the teacher by email (davide.comoretto@unige.it), telephone (0103538736/8744, +39-3358046559) or visiting him in his office/lab (https://chimica.unige.it/rubrica/104).

LESSONS

Teaching methods

Lectured delivered during the lab with Power Point presentations, examples, use of working devices, practical activity, data recording and data analysis

LESSONS START

Check official schedule on the course website as well as communication by the Master Course coordinator/teachers.

ORARI

L'orario di tutti gli insegnamenti è consultabile su EasyAcademy.

EXAMS

Exam description

Oral exam held by two professors, one of them being D. Comoretto, F. Buatier de Mongeot, Maria Caterina Giordano.

The duration of the exam is no shorter than 30 minutes.

The exam consists in the discussion of data recorded and analyzed during the lab activity.

The student must demonstrate comprehension of the main features related to the physical/chemical/technological fundamentals of the device, characterization and materials as well as device realization by using the suitable technical vocabulary (up to 15/30).

The clarity of presentation (up to 5/30) and ability to answer questions (up 10/30) will be also evaluated.

Assessment methods

Goal of the exam is to verify the achievement of the class aims.

If aims are not achieved, the student is invited to make a deeper study and to ask the teacher for additional explanations before repeating the exam.

In order to guarantee the correspondence between aims and exam topics, the detailed program is uploaded to AulaWeb and described at the beginning of the course.

FURTHER INFORMATION

A general background of Organic and inorganic photovoltaic cells will be provided in the “Polymers for Electronic and Energy Harvesting” class (SERP+ students) and “Solar cell: functional principles and materials” class (Scienza e Ingegneria dei Materiali students).