HISTORY OF MEDICINE

HISTORY OF MEDICINE

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iten
Last update 22/06/2021 05:00
Code
67794
ACADEMIC YEAR
2021/2022
CREDITS
1 credits during the 2nd year of 9276 NURSING (L/SNT1) GE SAN MARTINO
SCIENTIFIC DISCIPLINARY SECTOR
MED/02
LANGUAGE
Italian
TEACHING LOCATION
GE SAN MARTINO (NURSING)
semester
1° Semester
modules
Teaching materials

AIMS AND CONTENT

AIMS AND LEARNING OUTCOMES

The teaching aims to:

provide students with the basic notions of the history of medical ars in a global view of the past, determining the influences exerted on the development of medical thought and the impact of this on other areas of knowledge and on human behavior;
provide students with a general understanding of the meaning of the biomedical ideas of our time, through the history of their evolution;
introduce students to a critical understanding of the historical path of medicine;
make students acquire the ability to understand the scientific and human character of medicine and nursing;
develop in students the ability to integrate theoretical and practical nursing knowledge with socio-cultural and humanistic sciences useful for understanding the complexity of individuals of all ages, groups and communities.

Teaching methods

Oral lecturing

In the event of a health emergency that prevents frontal lessons, the  lessons will be carried out remotely using the Office365-Teams platform in synchronous or asynchronous mode.

Please refer to the specific AulaWeb application for teaching for any updates due to changes in the health and epidemiological situation.

SYLLABUS/CONTENT

The program includes a first very general historical part and a second part carried out not in a chronological sense but in a thematic sense.

The course is based on a program aimed at the development of specific themes rather than a chronological treatment of characters, thoughts and discoveries (the History of thematic diachronic medicine rather than chronology of events).
In detail, the program provides for the analysis and in-depth study of the following issues:
1. Aegean medicine; myth and Proto Greek medicine. Greek medicine and pre-Hippocratic medical-naturalistic speculation. Hippocrates: disease, prognosis and therapy.
The “Corpus ippocraticum
2. Aristotle and Hellenistic thought.
Rome and Italic medicine: Galen
3. Monastic medicine. Salerno school.
at the birth of universities as a center of thought and culture 
l experimental method: Galilei
4. The foundations of the new anatomical thought: the anticipations of Leonardo da Vinci. Vesalius and the new Anatomy. The development and discoveries of Normal Human Anatomy to date. From macroscopy to tissues and the ultra structure of the cell
5. Physiology, the birth of clinical pathology and semeiology. The pharmacopoeia: evolution of the drug concept up to the discovery of antibiotics

6. Pathological Anatomy. Morgagni's method. History of the autopsy. Virkow's cell theory. The birth of Forensic Medicine. Experimentation in medicine.
7. Reflections of the new anatomical orientations (Vesalius) on Surgery; from battlefields to modern surgery. Anesthesia as a turning point. The operating room: a strategy that has evolved over time
8. The smallpox vaccination. Sepsis and anti sepsis. Microbiology from Pasteur to Koch. The epidemiology of infectious diseases: plague epidemics. Tuberculosis. Preventive medicine
9. From X-rays to CT scans. The history of medical imaging. The birth of interventional radiology
10. Reception of the sick and hospitalization for assistance and protection. Hospital as protection and isolation (the Lazzareto). Hospitals as a place of care; the military organization of the hospitals. The birth of modern hospitals

RECOMMENDED READING/BIBLIOGRAPHY

LIPPI D., Storia della medicina per gli studenti del corso di Laurea Triennale per Infermiere, Bologna, Clueb 2002.

TEACHERS AND EXAM BOARD

Ricevimento: On appointment. Contact the teacher by email: rosellaciliberti@yahoo.it

LESSONS

Teaching methods

Oral lecturing

In the event of a health emergency that prevents frontal lessons, the  lessons will be carried out remotely using the Office365-Teams platform in synchronous or asynchronous mode.

Please refer to the specific AulaWeb application for teaching for any updates due to changes in the health and epidemiological situation.

EXAMS

Exam description

Written test

Assessment methods

Written test

 

FURTHER INFORMATION

On appointment. Contact the teacher by email: rosellaciliberti@yahoo.it