# SHIP STRUCTURES

iten
Code
66289
2021/2022
CREDITS
6 credits during the 2nd year of 9268 YACHT DESIGN (LM-34) LA SPEZIA
SCIENTIFIC DISCIPLINARY SECTOR
ING-IND/02
LANGUAGE
English
TEACHING LOCATION
LA SPEZIA (YACHT DESIGN)
semester
1° Semester
modules
This unit is a module of:
Teaching materials

## OVERVIEW

The course deals with application of the finite element method in ship structural analysis and design. It includes first engineering principles of the method as well as hints for practical applications.

## AIMS AND CONTENT

LEARNING OUTCOMES

The course aims at illustrating criteria and methods for limit state checks of ship and marine structures in general with emphasis on pleasure crafts and yachts, carried out according to shipbuilding fundamental principles and to classification societies rules. Typical case studies are solved either applying analytical and finite element methods, presenting loading actions on structures as well as global and local checks generally adopted in design common practice.

AIMS AND LEARNING OUTCOMES

Students will be able to apply the finite element method for ship structural design and analysis. A well rounded knowledge, ranging from theoretical basis and lasting with application cases is provided. Moreover, the concept of limit state design, implying different scantling checks, is illustrated encompassing not only typical strength checks but also verifications related to service of pleasure crafts and yachts structures.

PREREQUISITES

Knowledge of main theories of structural mechanics (advanced course)

TEACHING METHODS

Lectures and guided exercises in IT class. Totally, 60 hours of lectures, almost equally divided.

SYLLABUS/CONTENT

Introduction: structural mechanics models (beam, shell theory), finite element method. Limit state checks and application of structural models to ship and offshore structures

Modern rule checks: IMO Goal Based Standards, rule scantling checks, general principles and idealization of structural components, models selection depending on check types, definition of actions and application to structural models, relevant implications and approximations.

Structural modeling: analytical and numerical models, 2D and 3D models (frames, grillages, plates, orthotropic plates, stiffened panels, complex models). Finite element modeling strategies. Local and global models, primary, secondary and tertiary strength, interaction of structural models.

Analysis types: static linear, collapse (nonlinear), buckling and modal (Eigenvalues), dynamic in time domain (hints). Post-processing, critical analysis and presentation of results.

• Planned exercises (to be discussed during the examination):

a) Introduction to FEM software (Kirsch problem, frames, grillages, etc.)

b) Scantling checks on a typical stiffened panel (e.g. deck panel with boundary conditions on bulkheads and side shell)

c) Scantling check of a ship transverse section (e.g. web frame of a longitudinally framed ship)

d) Three dimensional model according to classification societies rules

e) Scantling checks of stress concentration factors and fatigue assessment of typical structural details

f) Application example of a dynamic analysis (voluntary and variable each academic year)

1. Classification societies rules for ships and offshore structures (www.iacs.org.uk), with emphasis on the recently issued IACS Harmonized Common Structural Rules and pleasure craft and yacht rules
2. Hughes OF, Paik JK (2010): Ship structural analysis and design, SNAME (ISBN No. 978-0-939773-78-3)
3. Lamb T. Editor (2004): Ship Design and Construction, SNAME (ISBN 0-939773-41-4)
4. Lewis EV Editor (1988): Principles of Naval Architecture, SNAME (ISBN-13: 978-0939773008)
5. Mansour A, Liu D (2008): Strength of Ships and Ocean Structures, SNAME (ISBN No. 0-939773-66-X)
6. Okumoto Y, Takeda Y,·Mano M, Okada T (2009): Design of Ship Hull Structures, Springer (ISBN: 978-3-540-88444-6)

## TEACHERS AND EXAM BOARD

Office hours: Monday and Tuesday during Winter semester in Genova and by appointment in Spring semester. Before and after lectures during Winter semester in La Spezia and by appointment in Spring semester. (meeting arrangment required by e-mail)

Office hours: Upon request by contacting the professor by email ( tatiana.pais@unige.it )&nbsp;

Exam Board

CESARE MARIO RIZZO (President)

MASSIMO FIGARI

DARIO BOOTE (President Substitute)

MICHELE MARTELLI (President Substitute)

TATIANA PAIS (President Substitute)

## LESSONS

TEACHING METHODS

Lectures and guided exercises in IT class. Totally, 60 hours of lectures, almost equally divided.

Class schedule

All class schedules are posted on the EasyAcademy portal.

## EXAMS

EXAM DESCRIPTION

Practical application on software + Oral (including discussion of exercises carried out during the course). Further details will be given during lectures, including practical exam trials.

ASSESSMENT METHODS

Practical exam will be checked considering structural idealization issues, input for modeling and analysis of results. A short technical report is required and it will be checked for completeness and clarity. Oral examination will start discussing the practical exercise and will continue to ascertain comprehension of theoretical content of the course.

Exam schedule

Date Time Location Type Notes
20/12/2021 09:00 LA SPEZIA Scritto + Orale Professors are available for further exam dates upon request (at least 1 week in advance to arrange the session) Il docente è disponibile per esami in altre date previa richiesta con congruo anticipo (almeno 1 settimana al fine di organizzare la sessione).
20/01/2022 09:00 LA SPEZIA Scritto + Orale Professors are available for further exam dates upon request (at least 1 week in advance to arrange the session) Il docente è disponibile per esami in altre date previa richiesta con congruo anticipo (almeno 1 settimana al fine di organizzare la sessione).
16/02/2022 09:00 LA SPEZIA Scritto + Orale Professors are available for further exam dates upon request (at least 1 week in advance to arrange the session) Il docente è disponibile per esami in altre date previa richiesta con congruo anticipo (almeno 1 settimana al fine di organizzare la sessione).
09/06/2022 09:00 LA SPEZIA Scritto + Orale Professors are available for further exam dates upon request (at least 1 week in advance to arrange the session) Il docente è disponibile per esami in altre date previa richiesta con congruo anticipo (almeno 1 settimana al fine di organizzare la sessione).
06/07/2022 09:00 LA SPEZIA Scritto + Orale Professors are available for further exam dates upon request (at least 1 week in advance to arrange the session) Il docente è disponibile per esami in altre date previa richiesta con congruo anticipo (almeno 1 settimana al fine di organizzare la sessione).
14/09/2022 09:00 LA SPEZIA Scritto + Orale Professors are available for further exam dates upon request (at least 1 week in advance to arrange the session) Il docente è disponibile per esami in altre date previa richiesta con congruo anticipo (almeno 1 settimana al fine di organizzare la sessione).

FURTHER INFORMATION

Preferably, contact professors by e-mail