BIOMECHANICS

BIOMECHANICS

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Last update 09/05/2021 11:13
Code
98881
ACADEMIC YEAR
2021/2022
CREDITS
2 credits during the 2nd year of 8744 Movement, Sport and Health Sciences (L-22) SAVONA
SCIENTIFIC DISCIPLINARY SECTOR
ING-INF/06
LANGUAGE
Italian
TEACHING LOCATION
SAVONA (Movement, Sport and Health Sciences)
semester
2° Semester
modules
This unit is a module of:
Teaching materials

AIMS AND CONTENT

AIMS AND LEARNING OUTCOMES

The student should gain an understanding of the mechanical and anatomical principles that govern human motion and develop the ability to link the structure of the human body with its function from a mechanical perspective.

By the end of the course students are able to Identificare i principi meccanici fondamentali relativi al movimento umano, describe motion with precise, well-defined mechanical and biomechanical terminology, apply mechanical laws of applied physics to human movement, solve biomechanical problems using the laws of applied physics, and understand how musculoskeletal structures affect human movement.

Teaching methods

Frontal lessons

SYLLABUS/CONTENT

Linear and angular kinematics:

               reference planes and axis of rotation;

               linear, rectilinear and curvilinear motion;

               angular motion;

               basic techniques for kinematic analysis;

               equations of constant acceleration and projectile motion;

               interpretation of kinematic data.

               Rigid body kinematic

               Degrees of freedom, Kinematic couples, Body joints          

Linear and angular kinetics:

               Newton’s laws of motion and gravitation;

               centre of mass of a body;

               type of forces

               free-body diagrams;

               moment arms and levers;

               Reaction forces

               Static, Application of static to the human body

               Moment of inertia, Angular momentum, Rigid body dynamics

               Antropometry

               momentum and impulse;

               work, energy and power, stability and balance;

               interpretation of kinetic data.

Human movement in a fluid medium:

               buoyancy, drag, lift and propulsion.

Upper and lower body musculoskeletal tissue mechanics:

               stress, strain, modulus and viscoelasticity;

               response of tissues to mechanical overload in injury and conditioning;

               degradation of tissue mechanics.

Biomechanics exercises: shoulder, elbow, hip and knee.

RECOMMENDED READING/BIBLIOGRAPHY

Materials and  readings will be distributed via the course website.

Additional readings:

  1. Giovanni Legnani e Giacomo Palmieri. "Fondamenti di Meccanica e Biomeccanica del Movimento",2016. Città Studi Edizioni.
  2. Boccardi, Cinesiologia , società editrice Univers
  3. Cappello, A. Cappozzo, P. di Prampero, “Bioingegneria della postura e del movimento”, Patron Editore
  4. McGinnis, P. (2013). Biomechanics of Sport and Exercise With Web Resource and MaxTRAQ 2D Software Access (3rd ed.). Champaign, P.Grimshaw, A. Lees, N. Fowler, A. Burde, “Sport and Exercise Biomechanics”, Taylor & Francis
  5. Hall, S. (2012). Basic Biomechanics (6th ed.). New York, NY: McGraw-Hill.
  6. Hamill, J., & Knutzen, K. (2008). Biomechanical Basis of Human Movement (3rd ed.). Philadelphia, PA: Lippincott Williams & Wilkins.
  7. Knudson, D. (2007). Fundamentals of Biomechanics (2nd ed.). New York, NY: Springer.
  8. Nordin, M., & Frankel, V. (2012). Basic Biomechanics of the Musculoskeletal System (4th ed.). Philadelphia, PA: Lippincott Williams & Wilkins.
  9. Ozkaya, N., Nordin, M., Goldsheyder, D., & Leger, D. Fundamentals of Biomechanics: Equilibrium, motion, and deformation (3rd ed). New York, NY: Springer

TEACHERS AND EXAM BOARD

Ricevimento: on demand, by e-mail contact at: andrea.canessa@unige.it Teacher office: via All’Opera Pia 13, building E, second floor. Office direct phone number: 010-3532789

LESSONS

Teaching methods

Frontal lessons

ORARI

L'orario di tutti gli insegnamenti è consultabile su EasyAcademy.

EXAMS

Exam description

Final exam will consist on a Written Test. Each question will have a score from 2 to 5. Incorrect and missing answers will have a score of 0. The written test grade will be obtained by summing the scores for each correct question for a maximum total of 35/30.

If a student has an insufficient grade >= 16 and <18 he/she shall benefit of a short oral exam to reach a sufficient grade.

Assessment methods

Both the written test and the eventual oral exam will evaluate the capability to apply the logical and mathematical principles and the acquisition of the capacity of a critical analysis of the problems relative to biomechanical and human movement problems covered at the lectures.

The written test will contain multiple-choice questions on the course theoretical concepts and exercises to be numerically solved.

The oral exam will evaluate:

- Insightful understanding of course theoretical concepts;

- Use of proper terminology

- Competency to translate the theoretical concepts to practical settings.