THERMAL AND FLUID MACHINERY

THERMAL AND FLUID MACHINERY

_
iten
Last update 09/05/2021 11:13
Code
72377
ACADEMIC YEAR
2021/2022
CREDITS
6 credits during the 2nd year of 8721 Pleasure Craft Engineering (L-9) LA SPEZIA
SCIENTIFIC DISCIPLINARY SECTOR
ING-IND/08
LANGUAGE
Italian
TEACHING LOCATION
LA SPEZIA (Pleasure Craft Engineering)
semester
2° Semester
Prerequisites
modules
Teaching materials

OVERVIEW

The course deals with the most relevant topics relating to the main fluid machines with particular reference to those applied to naval propulsion sector

AIMS AND CONTENT

LEARNING OUTCOMES

Provide the knowledge for knowledge and understanding of the driving machines operating principles and operators and related facilities , and the types used on board. Provide the selection criteria and proper installation of the machines , illustrating the functional aspects of the regulation .

AIMS AND LEARNING OUTCOMES

The aim of the course is to provide an adequate and critical knowledge on the main fluid machines with particular reference to those applied to naval propulsion sector, taking into account turbines, compressors and pumps, internal combustion engines with special reference to energy-related and environmental issues.

The student attendance during the lessons and related study activities will allow:

- to identify the main features of the internal combustion engines used in the different application areas;

- to know the main features related to environmental impact of internal combustion engines;

- to identify the main features of the internal combustion engines used in the different application areas.

Teaching methods

Lectures on the different items presented in the course programme and exercises on specific arguments developed within the course.

SYLLABUS/CONTENT

Lectures

  • General remarks on fluid machines – Primary energy sources and their transformations – Power plants and relevant application areas – Energy equation and expression of work in closed and open systems - Fluid machines classification - Work exchange in volumetric machines and turbomachines - Euler’s equation  - Conversion efficiency in fluid machines - Thermodynamic cycles - Thermal power plants overall efficiency - Specific fuel consumption.
  • Internal Combustion Engines (ICE) – ICE classification, engine components, nomenclature, operational parameters – Ideal and real operation of 2 and 4 stroke engines – Reference thermodynamic cycles for SI and diesel engines – Combustion processes in ICE – Indicated diagrams, indicated and brake mean effective pressure, engine power correlations –  Engine part load operation – Constant speed and constant load curves, engine performance maps – Supercharging and turbocharging – ICE pollutant emissions – Emission control systems and aftertreatment devices.
  • Compressors and pumps – Positive displacement and dynamic compressors – Compressor insertion in a circuit – Characteristic curves - Positive displacement and dynamic pumps – Pumps operative problems: operating point and flow regulation, series and parallel operation, pump priming, surge and cavitation.
  • Alternative fuels  – Natural Gas: problems, energy-related, operating and economic issues, effect on exhaust emissions.

Practice

  • Calculation of energy systems, compressors, pumps and internal combustion engines operating parameters.

RECOMMENDED READING/BIBLIOGRAPHY

Lesson notes and classroom material (which can be downloaded in aulaweb) are sufficient for the exam preparation.

  • S. Marelli: “Macchine 1” – Notes to the course (in Italian).
  • S.L.Dixon - Fluid Mechanics Thermodynamics of Turbomachinery - Pergamon Press, 2005.
  • C.R. Ferguson, A.T. Kirkpatrick - Internal Combustion Engines - Wiley, 2001.

TEACHERS AND EXAM BOARD

Ricevimento: Consulting hours on demand sending an e-mail to silvia.marelli@unige.it.

Exam Board

SILVIA MARELLI (President)

ANNALISA MARCHITTO

MARIO MISALE

VITTORIO USAI

GIORGIO ZAMBONI

GUGLIELMO LOMONACO

MARCO FOSSA

ALESSANDRO BOSIO

DAVIDE BORELLI

MASSIMO CAPOBIANCO

ANNA CHIARI

JOHAN AUGUSTO BOCANEGRA CIFUENTES

FRANCESCO DEVIA (President Substitute)

LESSONS

Teaching methods

Lectures on the different items presented in the course programme and exercises on specific arguments developed within the course.

EXAMS

Exam description

Oral exam focusing on specific arguments developed within the course. Exam allowed also by appointment.

Assessment methods

Oral exam on the main subjects of the lessons. The oral examination will be focused on the topics treated during the lessons and will be aimed at evaluating not only the fulfilment of an adequate knowledge level, but also the acquisition of critical analysis skills on the topics of the exam.

FURTHER INFORMATION

Pre-requisites:

- Basic thermodynamic and fluid dynamics knowledge.