HYGIENE (PART OF I.C.)(PHAR MD)
AIMS AND LEARNING OUTCOMES
The course has the following learning outcomes: to acquire specific knowledges and skills on the field of the hygiene applied to the environment, to the community medicine, to the preventive medicine, rehabilitative and social medicine, to the epidemiology, to the public health, to the management in health, to the management of health system, to the promotion of the health education.
-General Concepts about Hygiene and Epidemiology. Primary, secondary and tertiary levels of prevention. Health education.
-General epidemiology: epidemiological methods, sources of epidemiological data. Main measures used in epidemiology (frequency, prevalence, incidence, crude rates and specific rates). Epidemiological Studies: descriptive, analytical, and experimental methodologies.
-Epidemiology and prevention of infectious diseases. Epidemiology: etiological agents. Temporal and spatial distribution of infectious diseases (sporadic, endemic, epidemic, pandemic). Sources and reservoirs of infection. Healthy and unhealthy carriers. Ways of transmission: direct infection, vehicles, carriers. Infectious diseases transmitted by air, fecal-orally, parenterally and sexually-transmitted diseases. General and immuno-prophylaxis.
-Epidemiology and prevention of non-infectious diseases. Epidemiology: etiology, risk factors, distribution and frequency of non-infectious diseases of social interest in Italy. Prevention: primary (strengthening defenses, behavior modification, action on the environment), secondary (massive and selective screenings), tertiary (therapy, rehabilitation and reintegration). The main non-infectious chronic diseases: cardiovascular disease, cancer. Cervical cancer: epidemiology and prevention (PAP test and anti-human papilloma virus vaccine). Screening test for secondary prevention of cervical cancer, breast cancer and colon-rectal carcinoma.
- Marinelli P et al:“Igiene Medicina Preventiva e Sanità Pubblica”, Ed. Piccin.
- Barbuti S et al: “Igiene”, Ed. Monduzzi.
- Bartolozzi G: “Vaccini e vacinazioni”, Ed. Masson
- Pencheon D et al: “Manuale Oxford della pratica in sanità pubblica”, Centro Scientifico Editore.
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Written test consists in three open questions.