66402 - Chemistry and Technology of Catalysis + Laboratory (CTCATAL, 6 CFU), second semester, years: 1° CI.
The course aims to provide students with the fundamentals of preparation, characterization and application of heterogeneous catalysts. At the end of the course the student will have to know the main methods of preparation and characterization of catalysts and be able to evaluate the influence of mass transfer phenomena on the reaction rate of heterogeneous catalytic reactions. Moreover, during the laboratory activity the student will have to learn to work in a team and to collaborate in drawing up reports on the activities carried out in the laboratory.
AIMS AND LEARNING OUTCOMES
At the end of the course the student will have to know the main methods of preparation and characterization of catalysts and be able to evaluate the influence of mass transfer phenomena on the reaction rate of heterogeneous catalytic reactions. Moreover during the laboratory activity the student will have to learn to work in a team and to collaborate in drawing up reports on the activities carried out in the laboratory.
- Laboratory experiences (mandatory attendance
Introduction: Fundamentals e background of catalysis: Catalysts, thermodynamic equilibrium, reaction rate, activation energy and Arrhenius equation, industrial reactors. Industrial catalysts: Homogeneous and heterogeneous catalysts. Heterogeneous catalysts: redox catalysts, catalysts for gas and liquid phase oxidations, hydrogenation and dehydrogenation catalysts, acid-base catalysts, multifuctional catalysts. Examples of catalysis applied to the development of ecosustainable processes or in the pollutant control. Methods of catalysts preparation: Support and properties. Synthesis of supports and of bulk catalysts. Precipitation, sol-gel, hydrothermal synthesis, stabilization, shaping. Zeolite synthesis. Synthesis of Raney Catalysts. Scale-up of catalysts preparation. Preparation of supported catalysts, methods of deposition and support selection. Impregnation with and without interaction (incipient wetness, homogeneous precipitation, ion exchange, adsorption) Catalyst characterization: techniques of characterization: morphology and physical characteristics, bulk and surface characterizations, technological properties. Low temperature vapour adsorption and physi-adsorption, Hg intrusion porometry, microscopy, spectroscopic techniques, programmed temperature techniques (TPD, TPR, TPO, TG, DSC, DTA). Assessment of dispersed active sites by transmission electron microscopy (TEM) or chemi-sorption. Experimental procedures to assess the catalytic activity. Reaction regimes and mass transport regimes in heterogeneous catalysis. Laboratory activities and examples: Synthesis of mesoporous alumina and evaluation of its zero charge point. Preparation of a supported catalyst: impregnation kinetics and dispersion. Characterization by electron microscopy (SEM, TEM) and physi-adsorption. Analysis of gas-solid catalytic systems: reactors, experimental methods for limiting conditions. Experimental planning for kinetic measurements, material balances e data acquisition. TON assessment. Inter-phase and intra-particle gradients. Gas-liquid-solid catalytic systems. TOF and activation energy assessment.
D. Murzin, Engineering Catalysis. De Gruyter, Berlin, Boston, 2013
D. Sanfilippo (ed.), The Catalytic Process from Laboratory to the Industrial Plant, Maraschi, Milano, 1994.
G. Bellussi (ed.), Material design for catalytic application, Maraschi, Milano, 1996
J.M.Thomas, W.J. Thomas, Principles and Practice of Heterogeneous Catalysis, Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH, 1996
R.J. Wijngaarden, A. Kronberg, K.R. Westerterp, Industrial catalysis: optimizing catalysts and processes, Wiley-VCH, 1998
Office hours: On appointment fixed by email (email@example.com) or phone call
ANTONIO COMITE (President)
ALBERTO SERVIDA (President Substitute)
- Laboratory experiences (mandatory attendance
SINCE IT IS IMPOSSIBLE TO PROVIDE A DEFINITIVE LESSON SCHEDULE NOW DUE TO THE COVID EMERGENCY AND PROVISIONS RELEASED BY UNIGE CONCERNING THE TEACHING ACTIVITY IN PHASE 3, WE STRONGLY RECCOMMEND THAT STUDENTS FREQUENTLY VISIT THE FOLLOWING WEBSITES FOR AN UPDATE https://corsi.unige.it/9020/p/studenti-orario; https://chimica.unige.it/node/390
All class schedules are posted on the EasyAcademy portal.
Oral + reports on the laboratory experiences. The discussion during the oral examination initially will begin from the laboratory experiences
The commission is composed of two components and one of them is the teacher of the course. THe duration of the examination is not less than 30 min. In this way the commission is able to verify the achievement of the learning outcomes. If the learning outcomes will be not achieved the student is invited to study again and better following some teacher suggestions and explanations.