GENERAL RELATIVITY (6 CFU)

GENERAL RELATIVITY (6 CFU)

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iten
Code
61875
ACADEMIC YEAR
2020/2021
CREDITS
6 credits during the 2nd year of 9012 PHYSICS (LM-17) GENOVA
SCIENTIFIC DISCIPLINARY SECTOR
FIS/02
TEACHING LOCATION
GENOVA (PHYSICS)
semester
1° Semester
Prerequisites
Teaching materials

OVERVIEW

The course is part of the first semester of the 1st/2nd year of the Master’s Degree in Physics. It is part of the curriculum of a theoretical physicist. The subject is characterized by an important mathematical structure, which in this course is considered as a necessary tool to deepen the physical contents of General Relativity.

AIMS AND CONTENT

LEARNING OUTCOMES

Exposition of Einstein’s theory of gravitational interactions with its main consequences and applications: black holes (by Schwarzschild, Reisner-Nordström and Kerr), gravitational waves and cosmology.

AIMS AND LEARNING OUTCOMES

The course provides an introduction to Einstein’s theory of General Relativity. No preliminary mathematical course is required, but only familiarity with covariant formalism and the principles of field theory (action, equations of motion as functional derivatives of action versus fields). The minimum differential geometry tools needed to construct the Einstein-Hilbert action and deduce Einstein equations as field equations will be introduced. The main purpose of the course is to transmit to the student the rich physical content of Einstein’s equations: black holes, gravitational waves and an introduction to cosmology

PREREQUISITES

No preliminary mathematical course is required, but only familiarity with covariant formalism and the principles of field theory (action, equations of motion as functional derivatives of action with respect to fields)

Teaching methods

lectures at blackboard (48h)

SYLLABUS/CONTENT

•    Manifolds
    ◦    Gravity as geometry
    ◦    What is a manifold?
    ◦    Vectors again
    ◦    Tensors again
    ◦    The metric
    ◦    An expanding universe
    ◦    Causality
    ◦    Tensor densities

•    Curvature
    ◦    Overview
    ◦    Covariant derivatives
    ◦    Parallel transport and geodesics
    ◦    Properties of geodesics
    ◦    The expanding universe revisited
    ◦    The Riemann curvature tensor
    ◦    Properties of the Riemann tensor
    ◦    Symmetries and Killing vectors
    ◦    Maximally symmetric spaces

•    Gravitation
    ◦    Physics in curved spacetime
    ◦    Einstein’s equation
    ◦    Lagrangian formulation
    ◦    Properties of Einstein’s equation
    ◦    The cosmological constant

•    The Schwarzschild Solution
    ◦    The Schwarzschild metric
    ◦    Birkhoff’s theorem
    ◦    Singularities
    ◦    Geodesics of Schwarzschild
    ◦    Experimental tests
    ◦    Schwarzschild black holes
    ◦    Stars and black holes

•    More General Black Holes
    ◦    The black hole zoo
    ◦    Event Horizons
    ◦    Killing Horizons
    ◦    Mass, charge, and spin
    ◦    Charged (Reissner-Nordström) black holes
    ◦    Rotating (Kerr) black holes

•    Perturbation Theory and Gravitational Radiation
    ◦    Linearized theory and gauge transformations
    ◦    Degrees of freedom
    ◦    Newtonian fields and photon trajectories
    ◦    Gravitational wave solutions

•    Cosmology
    ◦    maximally symmetric universes
    ◦    Robertson-Walker metrics
    ◦    the Friedmann equations
    ◦    evolution of the scale factor
    ◦    redshifts and distances
    ◦    gravitational lensing
    ◦    our universe
    ◦    inflation

RECOMMENDED READING/BIBLIOGRAPHY

  • Sean M. Carroll: Spacetime and Geometry: An Introduction to General Relativity
  • James B. Hartle: Gravity: An Introduction to Einstein’s General Relativity
  • Ta-Pei Cheng: Relativity, Gravitation and Cosmology: A Basic Introduction

TEACHERS AND EXAM BOARD

Ricevimento: The reception time is free, by prior telephone or email appointment. Dipartimento di Fisica, via Dodecaneso 33, 16146 Genova piano 7, studio 709 telefono: 010 3536406 email: nicola.maggiore@ge.infn.it

Exam Board

NICOLA MAGGIORE (President)

GIOVANNI RIDOLFI

PIERANTONIO ZANGHI'

SIMONE MARZANI

ANDREA AMORETTI

CAMILLO IMBIMBO

CARLA BIGGIO

LESSONS

Teaching methods

lectures at blackboard (48h)

LESSONS START

according to the Manifesto degli Studi

ORARI

L'orario di tutti gli insegnamenti è consultabile su EasyAcademy.

Vedi anche:

GENERAL RELATIVITY (6 CFU)

EXAMS

Exam description

There will be an oral examination

Assessment methods

The oral exam is organized as follows. The student is offered an entry in the course’s lesson log, and is given a few minutes to organize a lesson on the assigned topic lasting about 30 minutes, during which the members of the commission can ask related questions.