MARINE MOLECULAR BIOLOGY

MARINE MOLECULAR BIOLOGY

_
iten
Code
94753
ACADEMIC YEAR
2020/2021
CREDITS
6 credits during the 2nd year of 10723 MARINE BIOLOGY AND ECOLOGY (LM-75) GENOVA
SCIENTIFIC DISCIPLINARY SECTOR
BIO/11
LANGUAGE
Italian
TEACHING LOCATION
GENOVA (MARINE BIOLOGY AND ECOLOGY)
semester
2° Semester
Teaching materials

AIMS AND CONTENT

AIMS AND LEARNING OUTCOMES

The participation in the planned educational activities (lectures) will allow the student to acquire the knowledge necessary to understand the molecular mechanisms underlying the strategies of adaptation to living conditions in different marine environments.

Specifically, the student will be able to:

acquire knowledge on the modalities of expression of genes related to adaptation to abiotic variations of the marine environment.

Know the structural aspects of proteins involved in the transport of oxygen and CO2 in fish and marine invertebrates. The management of hypoxia.

Know the molecular mechanisms and structural characteristics of proteins and enzymes involved in the production of light in marine organisms

Know the main biosynthetic ways for the production of colors in marine organisms

Know the cellular and molecular mechanisms underlying biomineralization processes in marine organisms

Know the cellular and molecular mechanisms underlying the production of the extracellular matrix of marine organisms

Know the molecular and cellular mechanisms underlying chitin metabolism in marine invertebrates

To know the molecular adaptations of the organisms that live in extreme environments (chemiosynthesis, the organism-symbiont molecular relationships).

The acquisition and understanding of this knowledge will allow the student to be able to deal with the general themes of the development and conservation of marine biodiversity also with a view to global changes and the anthropic impact on the marine environment

Teaching methods

The teaching consists of lectures delivered through multimedia presentations.

SYLLABUS/CONTENT

Bioluminescence in marine organisms. Chemiluminescence, fluorescence and phosphorescence in marine organisms. Examples and molecular mechanisms.

Mechanisms of action of luciferin and luciferase, GFP, their evolution in marine invertebrates, aequorin

Chemiluminescence

The nature and role of pigments in marine invertebrates. True colors and false colors, plant pigments (chlorophylls, carotenoids, anthocyanins), animal pigments (melanins, carotenoproteins, astaxantines, carotenoids in sponges, astaxantines in crustaceans, the example of blue crab)

Biosilicification in diatoms and radiolarians.

The biosilicification mechanisms in sponges

Bioprecipitation mechanisms of carbonates in cooclitophorides, in foraminifera, in corallinales. Other mineral biostructures: stromatolites and coralligenous.

The mechanisms of bioprecipitation of carbonates in corals.

The role of zooxanthellae in the carbonate metabolism of corals

The mechanisms of bioprecipitation of carbonates in molluscs

The extracellular matrix of marine organisms. Marine collagen

The biosynthesis of chitin in marine invertebrates

Symbiosis in corals. zooxanthellae, the role of zooxanthellae in coral metabolism, the role of zooxanthellae in the biomineralization process.

Chemosynthesis in hydrothermal vents. Metabolic abductions between symbionts and invertebrates that live near ocean fracture zones. The metabolism of R. pachyptila

Analysis of gene expression in marine organisms. Transcriptomas and differential transcriptomes

Hemoglobins and hemocyanins. Hemoglobin of R. pachyptila, crustacean hemocyanins and mechanisms of adaptation to hypoxia.

Marine models of study of the biology of aging: the example of Arctica islandica

The evolution of the inflammatory process: quartz intake in sponges and production of collagen mediated by cytokines

Role and synthesis of NO in sponges and its correlation with temperature increase

The discovery of abscisic acid in the animal kingdom. ABA and sponges, its implications in vertebrate and human biology

No. 2 seminars on new discoveries in the field of marine molecular biology

TEACHERS AND EXAM BOARD

Exam Board

LAURA CANESI (President)

TERESA BALBI

MARCO GIOVINE (President Substitute)

LESSONS

Teaching methods

The teaching consists of lectures delivered through multimedia presentations.

ORARI

L'orario di tutti gli insegnamenti è consultabile su EasyAcademy.

Vedi anche:

MARINE MOLECULAR BIOLOGY

EXAMS

Exam description

Oraal examination

Assessment methods

The knowledge and skills acquired will be verified through the oral discussion of at least two topics of the program

 

 

Exam schedule

Date Time Location Type Notes
16/06/2021 09:30 GENOVA Orale
07/07/2021 09:30 GENOVA Orale
07/07/2021 09:30 GENOVA Orale
27/07/2021 09:30 GENOVA Orale
27/07/2021 09:30 GENOVA Orale
13/09/2021 09:30 GENOVA Orale
13/09/2021 09:30 GENOVA Orale