CHEMISTRY AND TECHNOLOGY OF CATALYSIS + LABORATORY

CHEMISTRY AND TECHNOLOGY OF CATALYSIS + LABORATORY

_
iten
Code
66402
ACADEMIC YEAR
2019/2020
CREDITS
6 credits during the 1st year of 9020 Industrial Chemistry (LM-71) GENOVA

6 credits during the 1st year of 9017 Materials Science and Engineering (LM-53) GENOVA

6 credits during the 2nd year of 9017 Materials Science and Engineering (LM-53) GENOVA

SCIENTIFIC DISCIPLINARY SECTOR
CHIM/04
LANGUAGE
English
TEACHING LOCATION
GENOVA (Industrial Chemistry)
semester
2° Semester
Teaching materials

OVERVIEW

66402 - Chemistry and Technology of Catalysis + Laboratory (CTCATAL, 6 CFU), second semester, years: 1° CI.

AIMS AND CONTENT

LEARNING OUTCOMES

Knowledge of the main membrane preparation methods as well as of the parameters that control the mechanism of membrane formation. Knowledge of the main membrane characterization techniques.

AIMS AND LEARNING OUTCOMES

At the end of the course the student will have to know the main methods of preparation and characterization of catalysts and be able to evaluate the influence of mass transfer phenomena on the reaction rate of heterogeneous catalytic reactions. Moreover during the laboratory activity the student will have to learn to work in a team and  to collaborate in drawing up reports on the activities carried out in the laboratory.

Teaching methods

- Lectures 

- Exercises

- Laboratory experiences (mandatory attendance

SYLLABUS/CONTENT

Introduction: Fundamentals e background of catalysis: Catalysts, thermodynamic equilibrium, reaction rate, activation energy and Arrhenius equation, industrial reactors. Industrial catalysts: Homogeneous and heterogeneous catalysts. Heterogeneous catalysts: redox catalysts, catalysts for gas and liquid phase oxidations, hydrogenation and dehydrogenation catalysts, acid-base catalysts, multifuctional catalysts. Examples of catalysis applied to the development of ecosustainable processes or in the pollutant control. Methods of catalysts preparation: Support and properties. Synthesis of supports and of bulk catalysts. Precipitation, sol-gel, hydrothermal synthesis, stabilization, shaping. Zeolite synthesis. Synthesis of Raney Catalysts. Scale-up of catalysts preparation. Preparation of supported catalysts, methods of deposition and support selection. Impregnation with and without interaction (incipient wetness, homogeneous precipitation, ion exchange, adsorption) Catalyst characterization: techniques of characterization: morphology and physical characteristics, bulk and surface characterizations, technological properties. Low temperature vapour adsorption and physi-adsorption, Hg intrusion porometry, microscopy, spectroscopic techniques, programmed temperature techniques (TPD, TPR, TPO, TG, DSC, DTA). Assessment of dispersed active sites by transmission electron microscopy (TEM) or chemi-sorption. Experimental procedures to assess the catalytic activity. Reaction regimes and mass transport regimes in heterogeneous catalysis. Laboratory activities and examples: Synthesis of mesoporous alumina and evaluation of its zero charge point. Preparation of a supported catalyst: impregnation kinetics and dispersion. Characterization by electron microscopy (SEM, TEM) and physi-adsorption. Analysis of gas-solid catalytic systems: reactors, experimental methods for limiting conditions. Experimental planning for kinetic measurements, material balances e data acquisition. TON assessment. Inter-phase and intra-particle gradients. Gas-liquid-solid catalytic systems. TOF and activation energy assessment.

RECOMMENDED READING/BIBLIOGRAPHY

D. Murzin, Engineering Catalysis. De Gruyter,  Berlin, Boston, 2013

D. Sanfilippo (ed.), The Catalytic Process from Laboratory to the Industrial Plant, Maraschi, Milano, 1994.

G. Bellussi (ed.), Material design for catalytic application, Maraschi, Milano, 1996

J.M.Thomas, W.J. Thomas, Principles and Practice of Heterogeneous Catalysis, Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH, 1996

R.J. Wijngaarden, A. Kronberg, K.R. Westerterp, Industrial catalysis: optimizing catalysts and processes, Wiley-VCH, 1998

TEACHERS AND EXAM BOARD

Ricevimento: On appointment fixed by email (antonio.comite@unige.it) or phone call

Exam Board

ANTONIO COMITE (President)

ALBERTO SERVIDA

CAMILLA COSTA

LESSONS

Teaching methods

- Lectures 

- Exercises

- Laboratory experiences (mandatory attendance

EXAMS

Exam description

Oral + reports on the laboratory experiences

Assessment methods

The commission is composed of two components and one of them is the teacher of the course. THe duration of the examination is not less than 30 min. In this way the commission is able to verify the achievement of the learning outcomes. If the learning outcomes will be not achieved the student is invited to study again and better following some teacher suggestions and explanations. 

Exam schedule

Date Time Location Type Notes
11/06/2020 09:30 GENOVA Orale
23/06/2020 09:00 GENOVA Orale
29/06/2020 09:30 GENOVA Orale
06/07/2020 09:00 GENOVA Orale
20/07/2020 09:00 GENOVA Orale
01/09/2020 09:00 GENOVA Orale
21/09/2020 09:00 GENOVA Orale
02/10/2020 09:00 GENOVA Orale