ADVANCED PROPULSION SYSTEMS FOR LOW ENVIRONMENTAL IMPACT

ADVANCED PROPULSION SYSTEMS FOR LOW ENVIRONMENTAL IMPACT

_
iten
Code
86665
ACADEMIC YEAR
2019/2020
CREDITS
6 credits during the 2nd year of 10170 ENERGY ENGINEERING (LM-30) SAVONA
SCIENTIFIC DISCIPLINARY SECTOR
ING-IND/08
LANGUAGE
English
TEACHING LOCATION
SAVONA (ENERGY ENGINEERING )
semester
2° Semester
Teaching materials

OVERVIEW

The unit deals with the most relevant topics related to advanced reciprocating Internal Combustion Engines (ICE), alternative fuels for the transport sector, the development of electric powertrain units and the application of fuel cell to mobility systems.

AIMS AND CONTENT

LEARNING OUTCOMES

The main objectives of the course are: to provide an adequate and critical knowledge on environmental friendly propulsion systems for different applications, taking into account energy-related and economic issues. To develop skills for the analysis and comparison of advanced systems and technologies for ultra-low emissions Internal Combustion Engines (ICE), the use of alternative fuels (biofuels, NG, hydrogen), the development of hybrid propulsion systems and the application of fuel cells to road vehicles propulsion. To provide criteria for the selection of different systems and technologies referring to several application fields, allowing a first assessment of real benefits in terms of energy consumption and environmental impact for the proposed technical solutions compared to conventional systems.

AIMS AND LEARNING OUTCOMES

At the end of the unit, the student is expected to be able to:

  • compare technical solutions for emissions control and CO2 reduction in propulsion systems with a quantitative approach;
  • apply theoretical basis and operating principles to enhance performance and environmental impact of propulsion systems;
  • identify feasible options for production and use of alternative fuels and energy vectors;
  • evaluate technical pathways for the development of advanced propulsion systems;
  • examine books and texts selecting technical information and data.

PREREQUISITES

Basic thermodynamic knowledge (suggested)

Basic knowledge on Internal Combustion Engines (suggested)

Teaching methods

54 hours of lectures, including discussions of technical issues, selection of topics for detailed analysis on available literature, preparation of presentations for seminars in classroom.

SYLLABUS/CONTENT

Lectures

Advanced systems and technologies for ultra-low emissions ICE – General overview on problems, legislation and possible actions. Advanced fuel injection systems. Advanced combustion processes. Innovative devices and systems for exhaust emissions control. Advanced turbocharging concepts. CO2 emission reduction in thermal engines. Downsizing concept and related technologies.

Alternative fuels – Natural gas. Hydrogen and hydrogen-methane mixtures for thermal engine powertrains. Biofuels. CO2 emissions overall balance. Well-to-wheel analysis.

Electric and hybrid propulsion – Electric powertrain: advantages/disadvantages, performance, operating range, costs, components, overall energy and emissive balance. Hybrid propulsion: hybrid system configurations, hybrid categories (start-&-stop, micro, mild, full hybrid systems), main features, characteristics and limits of operating configurations, applied examples, overall energy and emissive balance, further developments.

Fuel cell application to propulsion systems – General overview on the electrochemical conversion process, fuel cell types and characteristics. Fuel cell application to powertrain systems: types, operating problems, performance, hydrogen generation and storage systems, energy and emissive balance; applications, technical and economic issues, further developments.

RECOMMENDED READING/BIBLIOGRAPHY

  • Notes on the different themes discussed in lectures will be provided by the teacher.
  • P. J. Dingle and M. D. Lai, Diesel Common Rail and Advanced Fuel Injection Systems, Society of Automotive Engineers, 2005.
  • R. van Basshuysen, Gasoline Engine with Direct Injection, Vieweg+Teubner, 2009.
  • AA. VV., Advanced combustion for low emissions and high efficiency: a literature review of HCCI combustion concepts, CONCAWE Technical Report no.4/08, 2008.
  • B. Kegl, M. Kegl, S. Pehan, Green Diesel Engines – Biodiesel Usage in Diesel Engines, Springer, 2013.
  • B. Morey, Future Automotive Fuels and Energy – Technology Profile, Society of Automotive Engineers, 2013.
  • G. Kalghatgi, Fuel/Engine Interactions, Society of Automotive Engineers, 2014.
  • K. Owen, T. Coley, Automotive Fuels Reference Book, Society of Automotive Engineers, 3rd Edition, 2014.
  • I. Husain, Electric and Hybrid Vehicles – Design Fundamentals, Taylor and Francis Group, 2011.
  • AA. VV., Fuel Cell Handbook, U.S. Department of Energy, Office of Fossil Energy, National Energy Technology Laboratory, 7th Edition, 2004.
  • P. Corbo, F. Migliardini, O. Veneri, Hydrogen Fuel Cells for Road Vehicles, Springer, 2011.
  • R. Edwards, H. Hass, J.F. Larivé, L. Lonza, H. Maas, D. Rickeard, Well-to-Wheels analysis of future automotive fuels and powertrains in the European context – Well-to-Wheels Report, Version 4a, European Commission – Joint Research Centre, Institute for Energy and Transport, 2014.

TEACHERS AND EXAM BOARD

Ricevimento: The teacher receives by appointment (please send an e-mail to giorgio.zamboni@unige.it)

Exam Board

GIORGIO ZAMBONI (President)

ALESSANDRO NILBERTO

SILVIA MARELLI

LESSONS

Teaching methods

54 hours of lectures, including discussions of technical issues, selection of topics for detailed analysis on available literature, preparation of presentations for seminars in classroom.

LESSONS START

2nd semester, day to be confirmed according to unit timetable

ORARI

L'orario di tutti gli insegnamenti è consultabile su EasyAcademy.

Vedi anche:

ADVANCED PROPULSION SYSTEMS FOR LOW ENVIRONMENTAL IMPACT

EXAMS

Exam description

Examination is based on an oral test, proposing two questions, selecting their subject among the unit topics.

Assessment methods

The following aspects will be evaluated:

  • knowledge and understanding of topics discussed during the lectures;
  • application of a critical approach to compare options and characteristics of propulsion systems;
  • use of proper technical language;
  • skills in reproducing and discussing simple technical schemes.

Exam schedule

Date Time Location Type Notes
21/02/2020 09:00 SAVONA Orale
25/03/2020 09:00 SAVONA Orale
09/06/2020 09:00 SAVONA Orale
14/07/2020 09:00 SAVONA Orale
01/09/2020 09:00 SAVONA Orale
26/10/2020 09:00 SAVONA Orale