ENVIRONMENTAL APPLIED PHYSICS

ENVIRONMENTAL APPLIED PHYSICS

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Code
84665
ACADEMIC YEAR
2019/2020
CREDITS
8 credits during the 2nd year of 8694 Sciences of architecture (L-17) GENOVA
SCIENTIFIC DISCIPLINARY SECTOR
ING-IND/11
LANGUAGE
Italian
TEACHING LOCATION
GENOVA (Sciences of architecture)
semester
1° Semester
Prerequisites
Teaching materials

OVERVIEW

The teaching aims to provide the basic knowledge of applied thermodynamic, fluid dynamics and heat transfer needed to coordinate design and energy efficiency requirements.

AIMS AND CONTENT

LEARNING OUTCOMES

The teaching provides an overview of different aspects of Environmental Technical Physics to let the students understand a wide range of design issues. Problems related to heat and mass transfer, hygrometry, thermodynamic cycles in building engineering are dealt with.

AIMS AND LEARNING OUTCOMES

Once the exam has been passed, the student will be able to:

- Understand the working principles of direct and inverse cycles

- Formulate energy balances for systems in steady state

- Determine the efficiency of a thermal machine

- Analyze the different modes of heat transfer

- Calculate thermal resistances in flat and cylindrical geometries

- Propose simple energy efficiency solutions for buildings

Teaching methods

The teaching is carried out through lectures that are all held by the teacher. Lessons can be performed by using computer presentations (powerpoint) or by using the traditional whiteboard. As an integrative teaching activity, the teaching includes classroom exercises, aimed both at the application of the theoretical notions provided and at the deepening of some theoretical aspects.

SYLLABUS/CONTENT

Thermodynamics

Basic definitions; characteristics of pure substances and states of aggregation of matter; phase changes; liquid-vapor mixture; perfect gas model; First principle of thermodynamics for closed systems; First principle of thermodynamics for open systems; application of the first principle of thermodynamics in pumps, turbines and compressors; Second principle of thermodynamics; Clausius and Kelvin-Plank statements; entropy; direct and inverse cycles; efficiency and COP; vapor compression inverse cycle. Air and water vapor mixtures; psychrometric chart; main transformations of humid air.

Fluid dynamics

Basic definitions; laminar and turbulent regime; dynamic boundary layer; viscosity; stresses in a fluid in motion; local derivative and substantial derivative; fundamental equations of isothermal flow: continuity equation and Navier-Stokes equation; simple cases of laminar flow; isothermal flow of fluids in pipes: integral equations; pressure losses; friction factor; Moody diagram; ducts with machines: prevalence.

Heat Transfer

Conduction. Fourier's law; Fourier equation; simple cases of stationary conduction in flat and cylindrical geometry; thermal resistance; thermal resistances in series and in parallel; stationary conduction with heat generation.

Convection. Forced, natural and mixed convection; fundamental equations of non-isothermal flow; Newton's law; convection coefficient and Nusselt number; non-dimensionalization of equations and relation Nu = Nu (Re, Gr, Pr) in mixed convection; thermal boundary layer; forced convection: relation Nu = Nu (Re, Pr); natural convection: relation Nu = Nu (Gr, Pr).

Thermal radiation. Generalities and definitions; Kirchhoff's law, Stefan-Boltzmann’s law, Planck's law, Wien's regression law, Lambert's law; gray body; energy transfer by radiation between black and gray bodies.

Complex heat transfer problems: generalities; global thermal resistance and thermal transmittance; finned surfaces.

RECOMMENDED READING/BIBLIOGRAPHY

For the autonomous study and the deepening of particular topics, the following texts are recommended:

Çengel Y. A., Cimbala J.M., Turner R.H., Elementi di fisica tecnica, McGraw-Hill, 2017.
Bergero S., Chiari A., Appunti di termodinamica, Aracne editrice, 2007.
Bergero S., Chiari A., Appunti di trasmissione del calore, Aracne editrice, 2012.
Bergero S., Cavalletti P., Chiari A., Problemi di fisica tecnica. 100 esercizi risolti e ragionati, Dario Flaccovio Editore, 2014.
Resnick R., Halliday D., Walker J., Fondamenti di fisica. Meccanica, termologia, elettrologia, magnetismo, ottica. Casa Editrice Ambrosiana, Sesta Edizione, 2006.
Cammarata G., Fisica tecnica ambientale, McGraw-Hill, 2007.
Lazzari S., Pulvirenti B., Rossi di Schio E., Esercizi risolti di Termodinamica, Moto dei Fluidi e Termocinetica per i nuovi corsi di laurea in Ingegneria, Esculapio, Seconda Edizione, 2006.

TEACHERS AND EXAM BOARD

Ricevimento: The teacher is available to help students in clarifying doubts about the syllabus on Wednesday morning, from 11:00 to 12:30; also in different day / time, by appointment.

Exam Board

STEFANO LAZZARI (President)

BRUNO ORLANDINI

CARLO EUGENIO ISETTI

ANNA CHIARI

EMILIANO BRONZINO

STEFANO BERGERO

LESSONS

Teaching methods

The teaching is carried out through lectures that are all held by the teacher. Lessons can be performed by using computer presentations (powerpoint) or by using the traditional whiteboard. As an integrative teaching activity, the teaching includes classroom exercises, aimed both at the application of the theoretical notions provided and at the deepening of some theoretical aspects.

LESSONS START

First semester, according to the academic calendar. The lessons can be theoretical, practical, or mixed.

EXAMS

Exam description

The exam consists of two mandatory parts: a written test and a subsequent oral test. The written test lasts one hour and refers to both theoretical and applicative topics. If the outcome of the written test is sufficient, the student is admitted to the oral test, which is also on theoretical and applicative topics. If the oral test is not sufficient, the exam is not passed and the written test must be repeated. Booking to the exam session is via the Unige portal.

Assessment methods

The written test evaluates the successful comprehension of the different topics of the course and the consequent ability to apply the concepts acquired to the solution of some simple problems.

The oral test allows to investigate with more accuracy the student's level of knowledge of the theoretical and applicative themes as well as his ability in performing critical reasoning. In the oral examination, attention is also paid to the clarity of the exposition and to the mastery of specific technical language.

Exam schedule

Date Time Location Type Notes
07/07/2020 09:00 GENOVA Scritto + Orale L'iscrizione all'appello termina il giovedì precedente alle ore 24 per consentire il successivo invio della autocertificazione richiesta.
15/09/2020 09:00 GENOVA Scritto + Orale *Se sarà possibile la consueta modalità in presenza, l’appello verrà svolto in aula, con prova scritta seguita da prova orale. Gli studenti iscritti saranno avvisati per tempo. L'iscrizione all'appello termina alle 24:00 del giovedì immediatamente precedente per consentire l’invio il giorno seguente della autocertificazione richiesta: tale invio sarà fatto tramite email dal Docente a tutti e soli gli studenti che risultano iscritti. NOTA: Per poter sostenere l'esame di Impianti Tecnici, gli studenti LMA (vecchio ordinamento) devono avere già sostenuto e superato l'esame di Fisica Tecnica. NOTA 2: In caso di un numero elevato di iscritti all’appello, l’esame potrà proseguire nelle giornate seguenti (tendenzialmente, al più, nei due giorni successivi) secondo quanto verrà indicato dal Docente.

FURTHER INFORMATION

To join the exam, the Student must show the university booklet and an identity document.

During the written test students are allowed to use only a black or blue ballpoint pen, the necessary to erase, a ruler, the calculator. Any necessary table / diagram will be supplied within the written test. The usage of handnotes, forms or sheets other than those provided is forbidden.

All the news concerning the teaching (e.g., advices, recommendations, changes to the office hours for students, evaluations of the written tests, etc.) are always posted on the Aulaweb webpage.

Students are advised to update their e-mail address provided by the University with the address of a frequently-checked inbox, so as to receive any urgent notices communicated by the teacher.