THEORETICAL PHILOSOPHY

THEORETICAL PHILOSOPHY

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iten
Code
66922
ACADEMIC YEAR
2019/2020
CREDITS
6 credits during the 2nd year of 10841 SCIENZE DELL'EDUCAZIONE E DELLA FORMAZIONE (L-19) GENOVA
SCIENTIFIC DISCIPLINARY SECTOR
M-FIL/01
LANGUAGE
Italian
TEACHING LOCATION
GENOVA (SCIENZE DELL'EDUCAZIONE E DELLA FORMAZIONE )
semester
2° Semester
Prerequisites
Teaching materials

OVERVIEW

This course aims to introduce to theoretical philosophy, starting from the question of human nature and presenting the most relevant methods of philosophical research. Contemporary  questions are put in relation to other forms of knowledge and in comparison with conceptual models offered by the philosophical tradition. This learning-teaching activity is intended to make the contents, the argumentative techniques and the ways of reasoning in use in contemporary philosophy familiar to the student.

AIMS AND CONTENT

LEARNING OUTCOMES

Students will receive essential information about the contemporary discussion on human nature and on the most relevant concepts involved in it. They will be expected to acquire the capacity to reflect in a critical way about philosophical issues, and use suitable vocabulary to discuss concrete cases and examples. Students will learn to use their skills to build up opinions about philosophical themes founded on coherent and solid arguments. They will acquire the capacity to orient themselves in philosophical and argumentative texts in general, and to read them critically.

Teaching methods

The course will not consist only of lectures, introducing the main issues of the course and analyzing concepts and problems, but  requires active participation by all students.

The participants will be involved in exercises of philosophical analysis and argumentation, in the clarification and discussion of philosophical concepts and concepts in common use.

The slides used during the lectures will be made available on Aulaweb.

SYLLABUS/CONTENT

Human beings, animals, machines
"We are not machines"; "I am not an animal" - these and similar expressions are part of common language. Are they really justified, are we really able to give reasons for them? Is there something that actually distinguishes the human animal unequivocally from all other animals and from machines? One of the tasks of philosophy is to question ideas that seem natural, concepts on which we rely in our speech, transforming tacit assumptions into theses that we are able to argue (or to review critically). This task is now often made more difficult by changes in scientific knowledge and technology: the knowledge we have today about non-human animals, the projects to produce artificial intelligence and even artificial consciousness, the neuroscientific investigations on the human brain make the classic question about human nature - "what is the human being?" - particularly complex. This course offers some tools that make a first orientation about the contemporary debate on human nature possible and to appreciate its relevance for our culture and our choices.

RECOMMENDED READING/BIBLIOGRAPHY

1) D.C. Dennett, La mente e le menti. Verso una comprensione della coscienza, Sansoni, Milano, 1997.
2) 
 J. Dupré, Natura umana. Perché la scienza non basta, Laterza, Roma-Bari, 2007.


3) a third book should be chosen among following texts:

- F. de Waal, Primati e filosofi. Evoluzione e moralità, Garzanti, Milano, 2008.
- F. de Waal, La scimmia che siamo. Il passato e il futuro della natura umana, Garzanti, Milano, 2006.
- M. Rowlands, Il lupo e il filosofo, Mondadori, Milano, 2015.
- F. Cimatti, Filosofia dell’animalità, Roma-Bari, Laterza, 2013.
- Y. Castelfranchi / O. Stock, Macchine come noi. La scommessa dell'Intelligenza Artificiale, Laterza, Roma-Bari, 2003.
- F. Remotti, Contro natura, Laterza, Roma-Bari, 2008.
- J. Habermas, Il futuro della natura umana, Einaudi, Torino, 2002.
- T. Metzinger, Il tunnel dell’io, Cortina, Milano, 2010.
- R. Marchesini, Il tramonto dell'uomo. La prospettiva post-umanista, Bari, Dedalo, 2009.
- M. De Carolis, La vita nell’epoca della sua riproducibilità tecnica, Torino, Bollati Boringhieri, 2004.
- Neuroetica, a cura di A. Lavazza e G. Sartori, Bologna, il Mulino, 2011.

TEACHERS AND EXAM BOARD

Ricevimento: The office hours for students will be annouced when the schedule of the lessons will be established. For appointments please contact: claudio.larocca@unige.it Place: Room TA9 C.so Podestà 2

Exam Board

CLAUDIO LA ROCCA (President)

ALESSANDRA MODUGNO

LESSONS

Teaching methods

The course will not consist only of lectures, introducing the main issues of the course and analyzing concepts and problems, but  requires active participation by all students.

The participants will be involved in exercises of philosophical analysis and argumentation, in the clarification and discussion of philosophical concepts and concepts in common use.

The slides used during the lectures will be made available on Aulaweb.

LESSONS START

The first lesson will take place in the week 19-24 Februay 2018

EXAMS

Exam description

Oral exam

Assessment methods

The aim of the oral exam is to assess 1) the student's ability to orient her/himself in texts; 2) the student’s capacity to identify underlying concepts and argumentative techniques; 3) the student’s capacity to understand and carry out philosophical reasoning and to address philosophical issues. It intends to verify not only knowledge but the acquisition of skills of analysis and discussion of philosophical issues.

Exam schedule

Date Time Location Type Notes
08/07/2020 10:30 GENOVA Orale
09/09/2020 10:30 GENOVA Orale

FURTHER INFORMATION

By agreement with the teacher, foreign students will be allowed to read texts in English or in other languages