HISTORY OF MANUSCRIPTS

HISTORY OF MANUSCRIPTS

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iten
Code
65092
ACADEMIC YEAR
2019/2020
CREDITS
9 credits during the 2nd year of 8453 Conservation of Cultural Heritage (L-1) GENOVA
SCIENTIFIC DISCIPLINARY SECTOR
M-STO/09
LANGUAGE
Italian
TEACHING LOCATION
GENOVA (Conservation of Cultural Heritage)
semester
2° Semester
Teaching materials

OVERVIEW

The Course focuses on the study of the “Handwritten Book” mainly in the form of code through the archaeological observation of its structure. On the basis of this statement the course aims to frame handwritten books in the form of code in a wider scenario that takes into account the history of writing supports, the evolution of the forms of the books, the books preparation and assembling techniques and the writing instruments. 

AIMS AND CONTENT

LEARNING OUTCOMES

Furthermore, the Course aims to give students historical notions on the material supports and the main forms of the handwritten books from Antiquity to the Middle Ages; the knowledge of the basic techniques of Handwritten Book craftsmanship; the learning of the technical terminology for the analysis and description of manuscripts. 

AIMS AND LEARNING OUTCOMES

At the end of the Course, the student will be able to

  • Identify the different reasons and the main steps leading to the historical development of the different forms and the different working techniques of the western handwritten books;
  • acquire the basic tools for the analysis of the western handwritten book from the antiquity until the invention of the printing press with the aim to get to know the books structures, the production techniques and the artisanal peculiarities;
  • specifically describe forms and features of the Medieval western handwritten book in relation with the production, fruition and conservation places;
  •  acquire communication abilities to verbally express the learned notions with consistency in argument, systematic rigorousness, and a good grasp of the specific vocabulary.

Teaching methods

Teacher-to-students classes with projections of slides. The students will be challenged periodically to verbally answer to a series of questions (no grades applied) to carefully verify their understanding of the different themes and to help them in acquiring the proper terminology altogether with exposition clarity.

SYLLABUS/CONTENT

Program for students, attending and not attending the classes, who are taking the course for 6 cfu:

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  • Definition and features of the discipline and knowledge of bibliographical instruments;
  • analysis of organic and inorganic writing supports: analysis of the ancient and exotic handwritten books features
  • papyrus and parchment rolls
  • detection of the reasons under the adoption of the code form  
  • the structure of the code form (the making of the fascicle in papyrus, parchment and paper code); over time development, types and evolution of the codes assembling techniques
  • Design, construction and use of the page: piercing and lining techniques
  • Size of the code: indicators, miniaturized codes, exceptional sizes codes, evolution over time of code sizes and shapes
  • the scribe at work: schedules, organization, allocation of responsibilities
  • the scribe’s instruments: sources on tools, inks and pigments
  • decoration: definitions, features, techniques, material, tools; phases of the making, competences interaction, times and places for the making of the decorative apparatus and for the manuscript setting up.
  • the handwritten and printed books in the 15th century: “da banco” books, portable books (“da bisaccia”), Humanist books.
  • survival of the handwritten book in the Modern age.

Program for students, attending and not attending the classes, who are taking the course for 9 cfu, on top of the themes of the 6 cfu program:

 

  •  Drafts, signed and “d’autore” handwritten books: features of the 11th, 12th and part of 13th centuries books; an example: the editions of handwritten Decameron;
  •  Conservations of the books: libraries from ancient times to Medieval age;
  • Educational and cultural structures in the Middle age (the Palatin Court school, the ecclesiastical schools, the universities, the pecia and pronunciation method);
  • general elements to describe the manuscripts.

 

RECOMMENDED READING/BIBLIOGRAPHY

The bibliographic material of the course is downloadable both from the Aulaweb site and by pen drive (usb key) at the docent’s Room (Via Balbi 2, 2nd floor).

TEACHERS AND EXAM BOARD

Ricevimento: W e d n e s d a y from 9.00 to 13.00 at the docent’s Room (Via Balbi 2, 2nd floor). Other days by appointment to be requested at the following address: sandra.macchiavello@unige.it    

Exam Board

SANDRA MACCHIAVELLO (President)

VALENTINA RUZZIN

ANTONELLA ROVERE

PAOLA GUGLIELMOTTI

LESSONS

Teaching methods

Teacher-to-students classes with projections of slides. The students will be challenged periodically to verbally answer to a series of questions (no grades applied) to carefully verify their understanding of the different themes and to help them in acquiring the proper terminology altogether with exposition clarity.

LESSONS START

17 february 2020.

EXAMS

Exam description

The final test will be an oral examination consisting basically of 4 questions: the student will have to show a good comprehension of the causes and the main steps of the evolution of the western handwritten book and the related technical features, with reference to the places of production, use, storage and conservation.

Assessment methods

The evaluation criteria on the student response to the final test (oral examination) will be the following:

  • the exam outcome will be evaluated “very good” (grades 28 or 29) or “excellent”  (grades 30 or  30 cum laude) if the students will be able to show a deep understanding of the themes explored during the lessons by using a proper terminology and clearness of exposition, while skillfully connecting one theme to another and analyzing differences and continuity;
  • the exam outcome will be evaluated “good” (grades from 26 to 27) or “satisfactory” (grades 23 or 25) if the student, by using a correct terminology although sometimes not fully appropriate, will display a good knowledge although/but limited to a quite mnemonic learning without deepening of the subject;
  • the exam outcome will be evaluated merely “sufficient” (grades between 18 and 22) if the student will display the basic knowledge of the themes but limited vocabulary and expression skills; 
  • the exam will have negative outcome if the student will display lack of knowledge of the subject and won’t be able to manage the proper vocabulary.

Exam schedule

Date Time Location Type Notes
17/06/2020 09:00 GENOVA Orale Locali DAFIST, via Balbi, 2, 2° piano
08/07/2020 09:00 GENOVA Orale Locali DAFIST, via Balbi, 2, 2° piano
09/09/2020 09:00 GENOVA Orale Locali DAFIST, via Balbi, 2, 2° piano