COMPARATIVE ANATOMY

COMPARATIVE ANATOMY

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iten
Code
84441
ACADEMIC YEAR
2019/2020
CREDITS
5 credits during the 3nd year of 9916 ENVIRONMENTAL AND NATURAL SCIENCES (L-32) GENOVA
SCIENTIFIC DISCIPLINARY SECTOR
BIO/06
LANGUAGE
Italian
TEACHING LOCATION
GENOVA (ENVIRONMENTAL AND NATURAL SCIENCES)
semester
2° Semester
Prerequisites
Teaching materials

OVERVIEW

This class concerns the functional anatomy of vertebrate systems, with maximum emphasis on the ontogenetic and phylogenetic context. The approach is strongly focused on the evolution of the structures.

 

AIMS AND CONTENT

LEARNING OUTCOMES

The first part of the course will allow the students to know the elements of descriptive embryology, which will allow to understand the process that leads from a single cell (zygote) to a multicellular organism. The second part of the course will allow the student to know the anatomy of vertebrates, their similarity and differences, according to evolutionary and functional data.

 

AIMS AND LEARNING OUTCOMES

1 - The student will be able to illustrate the phylogenetic relationships between the major taxa of living and extinct chordates.

2 - The student will be able to describe, using appropriate language, the main events in the embryonic development of vertebrates.

3 - The student will be able to describe, using appropriate language, the main vertebrate systems.

4 - The student will be able to compare the structures in the different vertebrates, underlining the homologies and, where possible, the evolutionary paths, the plesiomorphic and apomorphic ones.

5 - The student will acquire the ability to observe anatomical diagrams, photographs of macroscopic and microscopic biological preparations, managing to apply the theoretical notions on the description of the images.

 

PREREQUISITES

Basic knowledge of cytology and histology is required to effectively address the class content.

 

Teaching methods

40 hours of lectures delivered alternatively through multimedia presentations or by schematizing on the blackboard.

SYLLABUS/CONTENT

Evolution of vertebrates. Types of eggs and development. Segmentation, gastrulation, neurulation, organogenesis. Phylotypic stage of vertebrates. Systems or apparatus (integumentary, muscular, skeletal, digestive, excretory, reproductive, endocrine, cardiovascular, lymphatic, respiratory, nervous, sensory) of the various vertebrate groups, with particular attention to phylogeny and ontogeny.

 

RECOMMENDED READING/BIBLIOGRAPHY

All the slides used during the lessons and other teaching material will be available on Aulaweb, after each lesson or topic. In addition, as a support for the study, the text Stingo - Anatomia Comparata Edi-Ermes editions is recommended.

 

TEACHERS AND EXAM BOARD

Ricevimento: Office hours for students: appointment

LESSONS

Teaching methods

40 hours of lectures delivered alternatively through multimedia presentations or by schematizing on the blackboard.

LESSONS START

See the lesson calendar at this link:  https://easyacademy.unige.it/portalestudenti/

ORARI

L'orario di tutti gli insegnamenti è consultabile su EasyAcademy.

Vedi anche:

COMPARATIVE ANATOMY

EXAMS

Exam description

The exam consists of the answers to questions posed by the teacher, description and explanation of images and photographs of microscopic and macroscopic anatomy preparations.

Assessment methods

Details on how to prepare for the exam and the degree of detail required for each topic are provided during the lessons.

The oral exam covers the topics covered during the lectures. The ability to expose topics using the correct terminology is also evaluated.

 

FURTHER INFORMATION

Attendance in this course is recommended