# GENERAL PHYSICS 1

OVERVIEW

Lectures will be held in Italian.

## AIMS AND CONTENT

LEARNING OUTCOMES

Understanding the fundamental laws of mechanics and thermodynamics. Ability to solve problems related to course topics.

AIMS AND LEARNING OUTCOMES

The aim is to acquire a sufficient understanding of the physical laws describing classical mechanics and equilibrium thermodynamics. The student must become proficient in analyzing and solving problems concerning the topics covered in classes, and to acquire a good level of comprehension of the theoretical framework in which the discussed physical laws are embedded.

PREREQUISITES

The standard math pre-requisites of a second year student (geometry, trigonometry, calculus, vectors, matrices) are all that is needed to study this class.

Teaching methods

Blackboard lectures.

SYLLABUS/CONTENT

The course is meant for students with little to no previous knowledge of physics. We will focus on identifying the symmetries and ensuing conservation laws which often allow to ease the understanding of physical phenomena and the related problems.

The syllabus is as follows

**Mechanics**- Point mass kinematics;
- Forces, statics and dynamics of point masses: Newton's laws;
- Work, work-energy theorem, conservative forces, potential energy;
- Angular momentum and torque;
- Statics and dynamics of systems of point masses: fundamental laws of mechanics;
- Scattering between point masses;
- Rigid bodies: statics and dynamics.

**Thermodynamics******Temperature, extensive variables, equilibrium states of a thermodynamical system;- Heat, work and internal energy: the first law of thermodynamics;
- Perfect gases,
*comments*on the kinetical theory of perfect gases; - Reversible and irreversible thermodynamical processe, main transformations of a perfect gas;
- Thermal machines, irreversible transformations: the second law of thermodynamics;
- Entropy;
*Remarks*on phase transitions of the first kind.

RECOMMENDED READING/BIBLIOGRAPHY

See Italian section.

## TEACHERS AND EXAM BOARD

**Ricevimento:** By appointment, either by internal phone/email, or after classes.

## LESSONS

Teaching methods

Blackboard lectures.

LESSONS START

The class will start according to the academic calendar.

## EXAMS

Exam description

Written and oral examination

Assessment methods

The student must solve a series of physics problems concerning the topics covered during the classes: this will allow to assess the ability to identify the key physical laws and their role in describing physical phenomena. If the written examination earns at least a sufficient mark, the ensuing oral examination will assess the understanding of the theoretical framework underlying the discussed physical laws.

## FURTHER INFORMATION

Teaching style: in presence.