FUNDAMENTALS OF PHYSIOLOGY

FUNDAMENTALS OF PHYSIOLOGY

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iten
Code
62140
ACADEMIC YEAR
2019/2020
CREDITS
4 credits during the 3nd year of 8757 Chemistry and Chemical Technologies (L-27) GENOVA
SCIENTIFIC DISCIPLINARY SECTOR
BIO/09
LANGUAGE
Italian
TEACHING LOCATION
GENOVA (Chemistry and Chemical Technologies)
semester
1° Semester
Prerequisites
modules
Teaching materials

AIMS AND CONTENT

AIMS AND LEARNING OUTCOMES

Participation in the planned training activities (frontal lessons) will allow the students of the Course of Studies in Chemistry and Chemical Technologies to acquire the fundamental notions of Physiology that are necessary for professional opportunities in the field of Chemical Sciences.

Specifically, the student must be able to:

• to know the mechanisms and general principles of the main physiological processes;

• to acquire the fundamental notions of the main functions at the cellular and organism level, starting from the Cellular Physiology to arrive at the Organ Physiology;

• to reach a knowledge of the Physiology of the main organism's systems by integrating the different physiological functions.

Teaching methods

Frontal lessons.

The teaching method includes at least 16 frontal lessons of 2 hours each.

Lectures in the classroom are delivered through multimedia presentations.

Attendance at the course is strongly recommended.

 

SYLLABUS/CONTENT

 

General principles of physiology: structure / function relationship, homeostasis, plasticity, redundancy, feedback control. Compartmentalization.

Liquid organisms: Intra- and extra-cellular liquids.

Membrane transport. Diffusion and Fick's law. Ionic distribution and Gibbs-Donnan equilibrium. Osmosis and law of Vant'off. Facilitated diffusion. Primary active transport: sodium / potassium pump, calcium pumps (SERCA and PMCA). Secondary active transport of sugars, aminoacids, etc. Glucose transporters. Endocytosis and exocytosis.

Excitable cells. Transmembrane potential: resting potential, Nerst and Goldman equations. Graduated potentials: hyperpolarization, depolarization, spatial and temporal summation. Ionic channels: classification and functioning of the main ion channels. Action potential: characteristics (phases, threshold etc.). Ionic genesis of action potential. Propagation of action potential. Morphology and function of the neuron. Functional classes of neurons: afferent, efferent, interneurons. Glial cells. Synaptic transmission. Chemical and electrical synapses. Excitatory and inhibitory postsynaptic potentials. Neurotransmitters: accumulation, release, degradation / re-uptake. Neuromuscular plaque: structural and functional characteristics; genesis and propagation, of the action potential in muscle cells.

Nervous system. Anatomo-functional organization: central and peripheral nervous system. Afferent and efferent nerve pathways. Autonomous and somatic systems.

Physiology of the muscle. Organization: skeletal, smooth and cardiac muscle tissues. Motor unit of skeletal muscle fiber: myofibrils, sarcomere, myosin, actin, tropomyosin, troponin. Sarcolemma and transverse tubules. Sarcoplasmic lattice and longitudinal tubules. Triad. Stimulation of muscle fiber and action potential. Excitation-contraction coupling. Chemo-mechanical flow cycle. Smooth muscle: organization and molecular mechanism of contraction. Comparative aspects of muscle contraction: skeletal, smooth and cardiac muscle.

Blood. plasma and corpuscular elements. Plasma proteins. Red blood cells: transport of gas; oxygen-hemoglobin association / dissociation curves; catabolism of hemoglobin. Platelets and hemostasis. Blood groups. Rh factor.

Cardiovascular physiology. Heart: anatomical and functional aspects. Electrical and mechanical activity of the heart. Blood vessels: role of arteries, arterioles, capillaries and veins. Blood pressure. Capillary exchanges.

Physiology of the digestive system. Anatomo-functional organization of the digestive system. Oral digestion. Gastric digestion and stomach functions. Intestinal digestion: composition, secretion and functions of pancreatic juice. Intestinal absorption: mechanisms of absorption of nutrients, water, electrolytes, vitamins. Liver functions. Components and bile formation.

Renal physiology: elements of renal function. The nephron: filtration, absorption and secretion. Urinary excretion. Hydro-electric homeostasis.

Endocrine system and function control: Chemical and functional classification of hormones. Synthesis and transport in the blood. Hypothalamic-hypophysis axis. Adenohypophysis and neurohypophysis. Examples.

RECOMMENDED READING/BIBLIOGRAPHY

“Fisiologia” C.L. Stanfield, EdiSES

“Fondamenti di Fisiologia Umana” L. Sherwood, PICCIN

“Fisiologia umana” D.U. Silverthorn, CEA

“Fisiologia” R.M. Berne & M.N. Levy, CEA

 

TEACHERS AND EXAM BOARD

Ricevimento: Laura Vergani: The students are able to book an appointment by phone, by mail or by aulaweb

Exam Board

CHIARA CERVETTO (President)

LAURA VERGANI (President)

ELENA GRASSELLI

MANUELA MARCOLI

LESSONS

Teaching methods

Frontal lessons.

The teaching method includes at least 16 frontal lessons of 2 hours each.

Lectures in the classroom are delivered through multimedia presentations.

Attendance at the course is strongly recommended.

 

LESSONS START

September 2019. See timetable on http://www.chimica.unige.it/didattica/orari_CTC  or  https://corsi.unige.it/8757

EXAMS

Exam description

The examination procedure to assess the achievement of the objectives set will take place with an oral examination, and is always be conducted by a Commission consisting of at least two tenured teachers (or in cases limited by a tenured professor and a lecturer of the subject designated by the CCS) and has a duration of at least 30 minutes. The Commission, appointed in this way, is able to verify with high accuracy the achievement of the educational objectives of the teaching. 
Booking: https://servizionline.unige.it/studenti/esami/prenotazione

Assessment methods

The Commission accurately verifies the achievement of the educational objectives of the teaching by asking different questions related to the program actually carried out during the lessons of the course. For the final evaluation of the student the commission evaluates the following requirements: level of knowledge of the topics covered by the questions, exposure skills, ability to reason and link with other topics of the course. In the event that the training objectives are not achieved, the student is invited to better verify his / her knowledge and possibly to make use of further explanations by contacting the teacher in charge of the course.

 

Exam schedule

Date Time Location Type Notes
10/06/2020 09:30 GENOVA Orale
16/07/2020 09:30 GENOVA Orale
07/09/2020 09:30 GENOVA Orale
21/09/2020 09:30 GENOVA Orale

FURTHER INFORMATION

Attendance at the course is strongly recommended.