MICROBIOLOGY

MICROBIOLOGY

_
iten
Code
73092
ACADEMIC YEAR
2018/2019
CREDITS
2 credits during the 1st year of 9289 DENTAL HYGIENE (L/SNT3) GENOVA
SCIENTIFIC DISCIPLINARY SECTOR
MED/07
LANGUAGE
Italian
TEACHING LOCATION
GENOVA (DENTAL HYGIENE)
semester
2° Semester
modules
This unit is a module of:
Teaching materials

AIMS AND CONTENT

LEARNING OUTCOMES

Microorganisms have an extraordinary impact on the entire life and the composition of our planet. Microorganisms and humans have a very close relationship. 
Some thousands of microbial species, collectively known as microbiota, live in our body and plays useful functions, while other species, pathogens, may cause morbidity. Upon the completion of this course the students should know the biology of the microorganisms and their strategies to cause diseases in humans and in particular in oral cavity

Teaching methods

20 hours in classroom

SYLLABUS/CONTENT

-Main characteristics of prokaryotes, eukaryotes and viruses and their classification.
 -The host-microbe interactions (symbiosis, parasitism, opportunism, colonization, infection, disease).
 - Characteristics of bacteria (bacterial structure, growth and bacterial metabolism, overview of bacterial genetics) .
-Bacterial pathogenicity and virulence factors (input, adherence to host tissue, invasion, permanence, exotoxins and endotoxins, hydrolytic enzymes, antifagocitari mechanisms).
-Intracellular parasites and heterogeneity antigen.
-Classification of antibiotics (beta-lactams, glycopeptides, aminoglycosides, tetracyclines, quinolones, chloramphenicol, macrolides, clindamycin, oxazolidinones, streptogramins, nitroimidazoles, rifampin). 
-Antibiotics: spectrum of activity, target, pharmacokinetics and mechanisms of drug resistance. Susceptibility and antimicrobial resistance  and quantitative and qualitative determination of antibiotic activity.  
- General characteristics of viruses (structure and composition, viral classification, viral replication, viral genetics overview). 
-Mechanism of viral penetration into the host, viral transmission, spreading, tropism, virulence and cytopathic effects, persistence, latency, reactivation). Antiviral drugs and resistances.
- General characteristics of pathogenic fungi 
-Main microbial species causing diseases
-Oral Microbiology; oral microbiota, microorganisms causing caries, gengivitis, parodontitis..

 

RECOMMENDED READING/BIBLIOGRAPHY

Microbiologia: AA.VV. Principi di microbiologia Medica. Casa Editrice Ambrosiana

TEACHERS AND EXAM BOARD

Ricevimento: An appointment, fixed by  an electronic request at the address: anna-marchese@unige.it, is needed

Exam Board

GRAZIA MARIA SPAGGIARI (President)

ANNA MARCHESE (President)

FRANCESCA ANGIERO (President)

NICOLA TRAVERSO

LESSONS

Teaching methods

20 hours in classroom

LESSONS START

march 2019

EXAMS

Exam description

oral exam

Assessment methods

The evaluation is carried out through the only final exam which seeks to ascertain the actual acquisition by the student of the expected learning results. To demonstrate their knowledge, the students will be able to know:
-the main characteristics of prokaryotes, eukaryotes and viruses and their classification. The host-microbe interactions (symbiosis, parasitism, opportunism, colonization, infection, disease); 
-the characteristics of bacteria (bacterial structure, growth and microbial metabolism, overview of bacterial genetics);
-the bacterial pathogenicity and virulence factors (input, adherence to host tissue, invasion, permanence, exotoxins and endotoxins, hydrolytic enzymes, antiphagocytic mechanisms), intracellular parasites and heterogeneity antigen;
-the major classes of chemotherapeutic agents and antibiotics (beta-lactams, glycopeptides, aminoglycosides, tetracyclines, quinolones, chloramphenicol, macrolides, clindamycin, oxazolidinones, streptogramins, nitroimidazoles, rifampin) and their main characteristics (spectrum of action, target, pharmacokinetics and mechanisms of drug resistance); 
-susceptibility and antimicrobial resistance  and quantitative and qualitative determination of antibiotic activity;
-the general characteristics of the viruses (structure and composition,  viral classification, viral replication, viral genetics overview);
-the mechanism of viral penetration into the host,  viral transmission, spreading, tropism, virulence and cytopathic effects, persistence, latency, reactivation);
-the antiviral drugs and resistances;
-the general characteristics of pathogenic fungi.

-the characteristics of the main species of medical interest

-the characteristics of oral ecosystem, oral microbiota and pathogens causing caries, gengivitis, parodontitis..
A minimum mark of 18/30 is required to pass the module. The mark 30/30 with any honors will correspond to an excellent knowledge of all argoments.