GEOBOTANICS AND APPLIED BOTANICAL ELEMENTS

GEOBOTANICS AND APPLIED BOTANICAL ELEMENTS

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iten
Code
84444
ACADEMIC YEAR
2018/2019
CREDITS
8 credits during the 3nd year of 9916 ENVIRONMENTAL AND NATURAL SCIENCES (L-32) GENOVA
SCIENTIFIC DISCIPLINARY SECTOR
BIO/03
LANGUAGE
Italian
TEACHING LOCATION
GENOVA (ENVIRONMENTAL AND NATURAL SCIENCES)
semester
Annual
Prerequisites
Teaching materials

OVERVIEW

The first part of the course (Chorology) illustrates the distribution of plants on a global scale and local. The second part is dedicated to the study of plant communities, mainly according to Phytosociology. The third part (applied Botany) introduces the interpretation of plant micro- and macroremains as evidence of the plant cover of the past (examples of palynological and anthracological case studies, especially in Liguria; environmental archaeology).

AIMS AND CONTENT

LEARNING OUTCOMES

The course aims to provide the theoretical basis and the methodological tools for knowledge of the main floristic and vegetational aspects of plant cover, the interpretation of the natural and human causes that determine it, the study of plant components in the analysis and Interpretation of ecosystems.

AIMS AND LEARNING OUTCOMES

The course aims to enable students to understand and use data concerning current and past flora and vegetation obtained from specialized texts, floristic and vegetational cartography, management plans for institutions and protected areas, etc. In particular, the sequence of the topics addressed and their correlation are intended to guide the student along a logical path that, in addition to providing the disciplinary content of the subject, helps to develop an autonomous capacity for analyzing the reality, assessment of environmental complexity and of the degree of naturalness / modification of the plant component, and application of the results of the analysis to the purposes from time to time required by the research. One of the main aspects of the course is the stimulus to continuous correlations between ecological factors (climate, soil, animals, human activities) and distribution characteristics and the ability to associate species and phytocenosis from the global (biomes) to the local (plant associations). Another fundamental concept that is provided is the tendency of plant populations to change over time, until a more or less stable equilibrium is reached with the local ecological conditions (vegetation series).

Teaching methods

The course includes frontal lessons and exercises in the classroom and fieldwork. The lessons are held with the help of Powerpoint presentations that illustrate the concepts and the contents expressed orally by the teacher. This material is then made available to students in the course site of Aulaweb.

SYLLABUS/CONTENT

Principles of plant ecology: environmental factors and plant adaptations; Raunkiaer Biological forms. Chorology:  distribution types; Geographic and taxonomic relics; endemism; Geographical and ecological vicariance. Chorotypes of Italian flora; Chorological spectra. Floristic kingdoms. Modifications of the distribution area; Biogeographic models of dispersion, vicariance, ecology and integrated model.  Floristic features of the Ligurian flora. Biodiversity: concept and evaluation criteria; Richness and specific variety, gradients of diversity in space and time. Biomes. Study of vegetation: structural and functional features of phytocenoses; Dynamics of vegetation: successions, steady stages.  Bioclimatic vegetation belts in Italy and in Liguria; Species typical of the main vegetal environments in Liguria. Phytosociology: criteria and methods, nomenclature, syntaxonomy, main classes of European vegetation; Mapping of vegetation; Description of plant landscapes: synphytosociology. Applied Bonany: History of Vegetation and its Methods of Study. Examples of applications of geobotany and archaeobotany to studies of historical ecology and environmental archaeology. The course is held in the classroom and in the field.

RECOMMENDED READING/BIBLIOGRAPHY

for the preparation of the exam, in addition to the lessons and exercises, it is recommended to read specialized texts, among which we highlight:

 

UBALDI D., 2012 - Guida allo studio della flora e della vegetazione. CLUEB. Bologna.

(eventually, previous editions, eg. UBALDI D., 2003 – Flora, fitocenosi e ambiente.  Elementi di Geobotanica e Fitosociologia. Clueb. Bologna.)

PIGNATTI S.,1976 - Geobotanica. In: CAPPELLETTI, Botanica, vol. II. UTET. Torino.

PIGNATTI S. et al., 1995 -Ecologia vegetale. UTET. Torino.

PIGNATTI S., 1994 - Ecologia del paesaggio. UTET. Torino

other sources:

EHRENDORFER, 1979 – Geobotanica. In: STRASBURGER, Trattato di Botanica, parte sistematica. Delfino Editore.

CANEVA G. (a cura di), 2005 – La biologia vegetale per i Beni culturali. Vol II. Conoscenza e valorizzazione. Nardini Editore. Firenze. 500 pp. (per la Geobotanica storica, specialmente cap. 10, ma anche capp. 1,3,8).

POLUNIN O. e WALTERS M., 1987 – Guida alle vegetazioni d'Europa. Zanichelli. Bologna.

GIACOMINI V., FENAROLI L., 1958 - La Flora. Collana "Conosci l'Italia.". T.C.I. Milano.

TEACHERS AND EXAM BOARD

Ricevimento: Students are invited by appointment, to be agreed with the teacher via email contact (carlo.montanari@unige.it)

Exam Board

CARLO ALESSANDRO MONTANARI (President)

MAURO MARIOTTI

MARIA ANGELA GUIDO

GIUSEPPINA ALBINA BARBERIS

LESSONS

Teaching methods

The course includes frontal lessons and exercises in the classroom and fieldwork. The lessons are held with the help of Powerpoint presentations that illustrate the concepts and the contents expressed orally by the teacher. This material is then made available to students in the course site of Aulaweb.

LESSONS START

october 4 2018

ORARI

L'orario di tutti gli insegnamenti è consultabile su EasyAcademy.

Vedi anche:

GEOBOTANICS AND APPLIED BOTANICAL ELEMENTS

EXAMS

Exam description

The knowledge of the course arguments and the ability to expose them correctly are evaluated through an oral exam that implies three to four questions that span throughout the program and the exercises carried out.

Assessment methods

Besides the oral test, on the basis of which the examination score will be given, during the year tests can be carried out to periodically assess the learning, in addition to an initial test that provides the teacher with a framework of pre-existing botanical knowledge of students and allows some integration, if needed.

FURTHER INFORMATION

Regular attendance to the lessons is strongly recommended, and especially to the field exercises; attendance  is compulsory for participants of the Naturalistic Campaign at the end of the third year.