PHYSIOPATHOLOGY OF AGING OF AGING

PHYSIOPATHOLOGY OF AGING OF AGING

_
iten
Code
57758
ACADEMIC YEAR
2018/2019
CREDITS
2 credits during the 1st year of 8747 Preventive and adapted sport and physical Sciences (LM-67) GENOVA
SCIENTIFIC DISCIPLINARY SECTOR
MED/04
LANGUAGE
Italian
TEACHING LOCATION
GENOVA (Preventive and adapted sport and physical Sciences)
semester
1° Semester
modules
This unit is a module of:
Teaching materials

OVERVIEW

This course is focused on the pathophysiological mechanisms underlying the development of the major disorders that afflict elderly subjects. The course will analyze the role of atherosclerosis in aging: the process of formation of the atheroma is one of the factors involved in the diseases affecting older people. Likewise, cancer pathologies (both benign and malignant) will be investigated. Finally, the role of inflammation in biological aging processes will be assessed.

 

AIMS AND CONTENT

LEARNING OUTCOMES

To know how  the  response affects both the biological and the pathological processes in the elderly subjects.

AIMS AND LEARNING OUTCOMES

-Role of atherosclerosis in Aging. Atheroma is one of the factor involved in several pathologies that affect elderly patients (ACS, ictus, ect).

-Tumors are also frequent in aged individuals. Thus, this course focuses on the biology of benign and malignant neoplasias.

- Role of Inflammation in Biological Aging Processes. The chronic inflammatory process is one of the factors involved in many pathologies involving older people (such as ATS, AD, tumors, and type 2 diabetes). Considering the central role that the inflammatory process plays in the aging-oxidative stress process, the course focuses on: i) the inflammatory mechanisms that pay a major role during the phenomenon of human aging; ii) the characteristics of the immune system in elderly subjects usually characterized by both a de-regulation of inflammatory processes and by a reduced capability to react against pathogens and tumor.

Teaching methods

Teaching is divided into 20 hours of classroom lectures on all the topics of the program. The teachers explain the topics through PowerPoint presentations. Students should attend at least 75% of the whole course.

SYLLABUS/CONTENT

1. CELLULAR PATHOLOGY: pathogenesis of atherosclerosis
2. CANCER. Metaplasia, dysplasia, anaplasia. Classification and malignant characters. Staging systems and gradation.  Chemical, physical and biologica lcarcinogenesis.
      Metabolism and activation of carcinogens. Initiation, promotion, progression. Invasiveness and metastasis. Outline of tumor markers.

3. Acute inflammation. Inflammatory cells. The inflammatory cytokines (IL-1, IL-6, and TNF). Chemokines. Leukocyte migration.  The systemic effects of inflammation. The acute phase proteins. Chronic inflammation. The macrophages and chronic inflammation.  Pathogenesis of Alzheimer disease (AD). Chronic inflammation in AD. The link between chronic inflammation and tumor progression/promotion.  Oncogenes and the oncosoppressor genes.  The immune system in aged individuals.

RECOMMENDED READING/BIBLIOGRAPHY

G.M.Pontieri :Patologia generale & fisiopatologia generale per i corsi di laurea in Professioni Sanitarie. Piccin ed.

G.Barrera, R.A. Canuto, C.Gardi, G. Muzio,M.Nitti, A.Pompella: Patologia e fisiopatologia generale. Monduzzi ed.

Licastro-Caruso: Compendio di patologia generale. Casa editrice Ambrosiana

G.M. Pontieri: Elementi di Patologia e Fisiopatologia Generale,  III edizione, Piccin ed.

M. Parola:Patologia Generale, Edises ed.

G.M.Pontieri :Patologia generale & fisiopatologia generale per i corsi di laurea in Professioni Sanitarie. Piccin ed.

G.Barrera, R.A. Canuto, C.Gardi, G. Muzio,M.Nitti, A.Pompella: Patologia e fisiopatologia generale. Monduzzi ed.

Licastro-Caruso: Compendio di patologia generale. Casa editrice Ambrosiana

G.M. Pontieri: Elementi di Patologia e Fisiopatologia Generale,  III edizione, Piccin ed.

M. Parola:Patologia Generale, Edises ed.

TEACHERS AND EXAM BOARD

Ricevimento: Contact by e-mail : susanna.penco@unige.it or at the adress DIMES, sezione di patologia generale, via Leon Battista Alberti, 2., Genoa.

Ricevimento: By appointment by email: gabriella.pietra@unige.it

Exam Board

GABRIELLA PIETRA (President)

SUSANNA PENCO (President)

FIAMMETTA MONACELLI (President)

AMBRA BISIO (President)

ANNA FASSIO (President)

LUISA PERASSO

LESSONS

Teaching methods

Teaching is divided into 20 hours of classroom lectures on all the topics of the program. The teachers explain the topics through PowerPoint presentations. Students should attend at least 75% of the whole course.

EXAMS

Exam description

The final examination consists of an oral interview in the presence of the course teachers. The interview will be focused on the program content.

Assessment methods

The evaluation is carried out only through the final exam, aimed at verifiying the real acquisition by the student of the expected learning results. A minimum mark of 18/30 is required in order to pass the exam.

Exam schedule

Date Time Location Type Notes
18/09/2019 14:00 GENOVA Orale