BIOLOGY II (CYTOLOGY, HISTOLOGY) AND LABORATORY COURSE (PART. 2)

BIOLOGY II (CYTOLOGY, HISTOLOGY) AND LABORATORY COURSE (PART. 2)

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iten
Code
80797
ACADEMIC YEAR
2018/2019
CREDITS
5 credits during the 1st year of 8756 Biotechnology (L-2) GENOVA
SCIENTIFIC DISCIPLINARY SECTOR
BIO/06
LANGUAGE
Italian
TEACHING LOCATION
GENOVA (Biotechnology)
semester
2° Semester
Teaching materials

OVERVIEW

The course titled "Biology II" aims to integrate the knowledge of "functional histology" and cell biology by aiming to provide students with knowledge about the organization and function of cells and human tissues with particular attention to the connection between morphology and function. Part of the course will be devoted to the practical part (recognition of histological preparations) that will take place in well-equipped laboratories.

AIMS AND CONTENT

LEARNING OUTCOMES

Know structure, organization and function of different human tissues and morphological-functional characteristics of cells that compose them.

AIMS AND LEARNING OUTCOMES

In order to provide the student with a complete view of the tissue organization, basic and advanced methods for analyzing the organization of human tissues and how this organization is instrumental in ensuring full homeostatic tissue function are discussed.

Specifically, the student will be able to:
1. describe the basic concepts on morphology, cellular and molecular organization of human tissues;

2. describe in depth the cellular and molecular characteristics of the different stem cell populations in the various tissues;

 

3. describe the functional properties of the various tissues and cells that compose them, focusing on physiopathological aspects as well.

Teaching methods

 

Frontal teaching and practical exercises in the  laboratory and with optic microscope

SYLLABUS/CONTENT

EUKARYOTIC CELL:

The main steps in eukaryotic cell evolution

The plasma membrane:

Structure and functions

Membrane transports

Endocytosis and esocytosis

The cytoplasm:

Hyaloplasm

Ribosomes

Rough-surfaced endoplasmic reticulum (RER)

Smooth-surfaced endoplasmic reticulum (REL)

Mitochondria

The cytoskeleton

Cell movement

Cell motility and intracellular transport

Cell junctional complexes

The nucleus

The nucleolus

Cell cycle and mitosis

TISSUES:

Epithelial tissue:

Main characteristics of epithelia

Lining epithelia: organization and classification

Structural surface differentiations of epithelial cells (microvilli, stereocilia, cilia)

Secretory epithelia:

•          exocrine glands

•          endocrine glands

Muscle tissue:

  • striated skeletal and cardiac muscle
  • smooth muscle tissue

Myofibril structure and muscle contraction

Nerve tissue:

  • neurons
  • glial cells
  • nerve fibers
  • synapses and impulse transmission

RECOMMENDED READING/BIBLIOGRAPHY

Citologia, Istologia e Anatomia Microscopica a cura di D. Zaccheo e M. Pestarino Casa Editrice Pearson

Alberts et al.,  Biologia molecolare della cellula, Zanichelli

Istologia (testo e atlante) di M.H. Ross e W. Pawlina Casa Editrice Ambrosiana

TEACHERS AND EXAM BOARD

Ricevimento: It is fixed by the teacher in agreement with the students

Exam Board

ALESSANDRA DONDERO (President)

EMANUELA MARCENARO (President)

MARIELLA DELLA CHIESA (President)

ROBERTA CASTRICONI (President)

SIMONA CANDIANI (President)

TIZIANA BACHETTI (President)

LESSONS

Teaching methods

 

Frontal teaching and practical exercises in the  laboratory and with optic microscope

EXAMS

Exam description

The exam is oral. It is always conducted by the teachers of course for at least 30 minutes (typically 45 minutes). With these methods, given the multi-year experience of exams in the discipline, the commission is able to verify with high accuracy the achievement of the learning objectives of the teaching. When these are not achieved, the student is invited to deepen the study and to make further explanations by the professors.

Assessment methods

Oral examination with morphological examination of histological samples. The exam is aimed at evaluating the knowledge of the fundamental elements of the cell and tissues organization  and  and the ability to link the various topics.

Exam schedule

Date Time Location Type Notes
17/09/2019 14:30 GENOVA Orale c/o Istituto di Anatomia Umana Aula Museo