INDUSTRIAL MICROBIOLOGY, BIOTECHNOLOGY OF FERMENTATIONS AND LABORATORY COURSE

INDUSTRIAL MICROBIOLOGY, BIOTECHNOLOGY OF FERMENTATIONS AND LABORATORY COURSE

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Code
80798
ACADEMIC YEAR
2018/2019
CREDITS
8 credits during the 3nd year of 8756 Biotechnology (L-2) GENOVA
SCIENTIFIC DISCIPLINARY SECTOR
CHIM/11
LANGUAGE
Italian
TEACHING LOCATION
GENOVA (Biotechnology)
semester
1° Semester
Prerequisites
Teaching materials

OVERVIEW

The knowledge of Industrial Microbiology and Fermentation Biotechnology  is of fundamental importance for the formation of Biotechnology graduates. The aim of the course is to illustrate biotechnology processes and principles that underline the microbial or enzymatic productions of metabolites of interest in various industrial sectors, mainly the biomedical, pharmaceutical, food, energy, fine chemical and environmental ones.

AIMS AND CONTENT

LEARNING OUTCOMES

Module “Industrial Microbiology”

The course aims to provide the concepts needed for a good knowledge of the microbial strains used in the fermentation processes.

Module “Fermentation Chemistry”

The course aims to provide the concepts needed for a good knowledge of fermentation processes. Particular attention is paid to the principles and technological aspects of industrial fermentations

AIMS AND LEARNING OUTCOMES

Part of “Industrial Microbiology”. The course aims to provide the concepts needed for a good knowledge of the microbial strains used in the fermentation processes.

Part of “Fermentation Biotechnology”. The course aims to provide the concepts needed for a good knowledge of fermentation processes, with particular reference to the microorganisms employed in each of them, to the mode of operation (batch, fed-batch and continuous processes), to plant typologies, to the culture media and, where requied, to downstream processes for metabolite recovery.

The laboratory activities to be carried out in teams have the purpose of providing transversal competences in terms of communication skills and ability to work in teams.

PREREQUISITES

For a successful learning, basic knowledge of biology, biochemistry and mathematics is required

Teaching methods

Frontal lessons and laboratory training

SYLLABUS/CONTENT

Module “Industrial Microbiology”

1) Microorganisms and production processes 2) Isolation of industrial microorganisms, production strains. 3) Materials for culture media, sources of carbon and nitrogen. 4) Development of the composition of industrial culture media, optimization techniques. 5) Mutants for industrial use and mutagenesis techniques 6) Long term storage  of cells , cell banking  of industrial strains. 7) Development of shake-flask  process , the role of oxygenation 8) Growth of microorganisms: bacteria, actinomycetes, yeasts and fungi,  biomass measurement techniques. 9) Analysis of Scale Up process: vegetative stage, prefermentation stage, the production stage. 10) Industrial techniques of the production phase: Batch, Fed-batch systems, flow control. 11) The equipment for fermentation, pH, pO2, Off gas and supervision systems (SCADA). 12) Downstream: recombinant proteins, antibiotics 13) Productions: Amino acids, organic acids, enzymes for industry 14) Recombinant Escherichia coli: solubility of recombinant proteins and inclusion  bodies 15) Streptomyces : Production of antitumor  and antibiotics 16) Yeasts: Saccharomyces cerevisiae, Pichia pastoris and Hansenula anomala . 17) Fungi : immunomodulators, antibiotics  and biomass production 18) Plant cells. production of alkaloids, production from algae: carotenoids, Omega3 fatty acids. 19) Biotransformation / Bioconversion: pharmaceutical intermediates (APIs) and fine chemicals 20) Energy from microbial biomass: bioethanol, biodiesel, biogas 21) Bioremediation of polluted  areas: hydrocarbons, chemicals. 22) biodepuration: microbiology of activated sludge.

 

Module “Fermentation Biotechnology”

1. The fermentations: Commercial and metabolic classifications, Operation modes, Aeration, Agitation, Sterilization, Immobilization, 2. Fermentation plants: Mixed fermenter, Fixed bed bioreactor, Tower bioreactor, Waldhof fermenter, Volgelbusch fermenter, Rotating disk bioreactor, Immobilized-cell reactor, Bioreactor with dialysis membrane, Extractive bioreactor; 3. Recovery of fermentation products: Cell disintegration, Clariflocculation, Filtration, Sedimentation, Centrifugation, Membrane processes, Evaporation, Liquid-liquid extraction, Distillation, Adsorption, Precipitation, chromatography; 4. Kinetics of microbial growth: Batch and continuous cultures, Material balances and productivity of a CSTR; 5. Enzyme kinetics and thermodynamics; 6. Industrial fermentations: Glycolytic pathways, Krebs cycle, Respiration, Pentoses phosphates shunt, Homolactic and heterolactic Fermentations, Alcoholic fermentation, Acetic Fermentation, butyric and butylic alcohol fermentations, Mixed-acid fermentation, Propionic fermentations, Citric fermentation; 7. Production of antibiotics; 8. Fermentations of environmental interest; 9. Realization of a fermentation process in laboratory.

RECOMMENDED READING/BIBLIOGRAPHY

  1. M. Marzona, “Chimica delle Fermentazioni & Microbiologia Industriale”, 2a edizione, Piccin Nuova Libraria S.p.A., Padova, 1996.
  2. Matilde Manzoni, “Microbiologia Industriale”, Casa Editrice Ambrosiana, Milano, 2006.
  3. Donadio Stefano e Marino Gennaro, “Biotecnologie Microbiche”, Casa Editrice Ambrosiana, Milano, 2008.
  4. P. Barbieri, G. Bestetti, E. Galli e D. Zannoni, Microbiologia Ambientale ed Elementi di Ecologia Microbica, 1a edizione, Casa Editrice Ambrosiana, Milano, 2008

TEACHERS AND EXAM BOARD

Ricevimento: The teacher is available to students every Thursday and Friday from 16 to 18 for any clarification and/or deepening and, by appointment via email, on any other occasion consistently with other institutional commitments.

Exam Board

ATTILIO CONVERTI (President)

GIANCARLO DONDO (President)

PATRIZIA PEREGO

LESSONS

Teaching methods

Frontal lessons and laboratory training

LESSONS START

October 1st, 2018

EXAMS

Exam description

The oral examination, which mainly concerns the discussion of two articles chosen in agreement with the teachers, will consist of a series of questions to ascertain the general preparation of the student on the basic aspects of the notions of Industrial Microbiology and Fermentation Biotechnology.

Assessment methods

For both parts, Industrial Microbiology and Fermentation Biotechnology, students' learning of contents is ensured during the course through questions and insights. At the end of this, a final interview will be held, both on subjects discussed in the lessons and by the presentation of an elaborate in the form of 2 themes. In them the student will analyze two articles, one in the field of industrial microbiology and the other in the field of fermentation biotechnology, chosen based on the topics developed during the lessons.

Exam schedule

Date Time Location Type Notes
04/09/2019 15:00 GENOVA Orale
17/09/2019 15:00 GENOVA Orale
30/09/2019 09:30 GENOVA Orale