LOCOMOTOR ANATOMY

LOCOMOTOR ANATOMY

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iten
Code
80247
ACADEMIC YEAR
2018/2019
CREDITS
4 credits during the 1st year of 8745 MEDICINE AND SURGERY (LM-41) GENOVA
SCIENTIFIC DISCIPLINARY SECTOR
BIO/16
LANGUAGE
Italian
TEACHING LOCATION
GENOVA (MEDICINE AND SURGERY)
semester
1° Semester
modules
This unit is a module of:
Teaching materials

AIMS AND CONTENT

AIMS AND LEARNING OUTCOMES

The teaching of Human Anatomy of the Locomotor Apparatus aims to bring students to the knowledge of the anatomical and functional organization of structures that allow the movement of the human body. These structures are also presented for their role in the delimitation of identifiable spaces in the human body. An understanding of the topics covered in the classroom should allow the student to go deeper into specific topics in complete autonomy.

Teaching methods

The teaching activity is organised in lectures. During these lectures all the issues the student has to know for the final exam will be explained and discussed with the help of visual aids.

SYLLABUS/CONTENT

Introduction to the study of anatomy: anatomical terminology

position and movement.

Introduction to the regional anatomy with identification and superficial and deep limits of the regions into which the human body can be divided.

 

Motor apparatus.

General information and classification of bones, skeletal muscles and joints.

 

SKELETON

Head: Bones of the neurocranium (frontal, ethmoid, sphenoid, occipital, parietal, temporal).

Skull in general, external configuration of the skull.

Internal configuration of the skull (vault and base of the skull).

Common cavities to neurocranium and splancnocranium: orbital cavities, nasal cavities, infratemporal fossa, pterigopalatine fossa.

Bones of splancnocranium (maxillary, zygomatic, nasal, tear, palatine, lower nasal basin, ploughshare, mandible, hyoid bone).

Trunk: spinal column, sacrum, coccyx.

Thorax: chest cage, ribs and sternum.

Upper limb: collarbone, scapula, humerus, radius, ulna, carpus, metacarpus and phalanges.

Lower limb: hip bone, entire pelvis, femur, limpet, tibia, fibula, foot skeleton.

 

JOINTS

Skull joints: synaarthrosis, sincondrosis, tempora mandibular joint.

Trunk joint: vertebral column joints, atlant-occipital joint, lateral/medium atlo-axial joint, sacrum and coccyx joints.

Chest joints: Costalvertebral, sternocostal, chondral and sternal joints.

Upper limb joint: sternoclavicular joint, acromionclavicular, glenoomeral, elbow joint, distal ulnar radio, hand joints.

Lower limb joints: pelvis, hip, knee, proximal tibiofibular, foot joints.

 

MUSCLES

Origin, insertion, innervation and action of:

head muscles: cranial vault muscles, face muscles, masticatory muscles;

trunk muscles: back muscles, neck muscles, neck bands;

chest muscles and chest bands;

abdominal muscles, fibrous bands and devices of the abdomen, inguinal trajectory;

upper limb muscles: shoulder muscles, arm muscles, forearm muscles, hand muscles, upper limb muscles;

lower limb muscles: hip muscles, thigh muscles, leg muscles, foot muscles.

Organization of the main fascial structures of the human body.

RECOMMENDED READING/BIBLIOGRAPHY

Anastasi - Trattato di anatomia umana.  Anatomia generale, apparato tegumentario, apparato locomotore Edi ermes

Anatomia del Gray. Le basi anatomiche per la pratica clinica.Susan Standring

TEACHERS AND EXAM BOARD

Exam Board

CARLO MARTINOLI (President)

FRANCO FAIS (President)

ERMANNO CICCONE (President)

DANIELE SAVERINO

LESSONS

Teaching methods

The teaching activity is organised in lectures. During these lectures all the issues the student has to know for the final exam will be explained and discussed with the help of visual aids.

LESSONS START

October 2018