PHYSICS OF ELEMENTARY PARTICLES

PHYSICS OF ELEMENTARY PARTICLES

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iten
Code
61872
ACADEMIC YEAR
2018/2019
CREDITS
6 credits during the 1st year of 9012 PHYSICS (LM-17) GENOVA
SCIENTIFIC DISCIPLINARY SECTOR
FIS/01
LANGUAGE
Italian
TEACHING LOCATION
GENOVA (PHYSICS)
semester
2° Semester
Prerequisites
Teaching materials

AIMS AND CONTENT

LEARNING OUTCOMES

The course aims to present the basic analytic tools and fundamental phenomenological concepts in modern particle physics, exploiting examples and applications

AIMS AND LEARNING OUTCOMES

  • introducing basic tools to understand modern particle physics and the necessary pre-requisite to achieve an understanding of particle physics based on quantum mechanics and relativity
  • introducing modern particle physics from a phenomenological viewpoint
  • introducing to techniques and methods to study elementary particles’ properties and their interactions
  • discussing open problems in high-energy physics
  • all topics are complemented by examples and applications

SYLLABUS/CONTENT

  • Basic concepts
    • units of measure in particle physics
    • reference frame transformations and the centre-of-mass frame
    • Lorenz-invariant phase space. 2-body and 3-body phase space
    • Kinematics of a 2-body decay
    • Kinematics of a 3-body decay. Dalitz plots. 
    • Kinematics of particle scattering
    • Cross sections and decay rates
    • Particle production in high-energy collisions; accelerators, luminosity: examples and applications
    • Spin and polarisation, covariant formalism, examples and applications
  • Modern Particle Physics
    • Particle physics phenomenology: masses and energies
    • Fundamental building blocks: quarks and leptons
    • Force carriers: gluons, electro-weak bosons and gravitons
    • Unstable particles and resonances
    • Scalar particles: Klein-Gordon equation
    • Spin 1/2 particles: Dirac, Weyl and Majorana
    • Spin 1 particles
    • Continuous and discrete symmetries: C, P, T
    • P violation, C violation and CP violation in K mesons
  • Determination of Particles’ properties
  • Partial wave analysis and helicity formalism
  • Some examples
  • Introduction to the Standard Model
  • the Standard Model and the Higgs mechanism.
  • CKM matrix, CP violation
  • Physics beyond the Standard Model
  • Neutrino mass and oscillations
  • Low-energy processes. 

TEACHERS AND EXAM BOARD

Exam Board

ALESSANDRO PETROLINI (President)

SIMONE MARZANI (President)

GIOVANNI RIDOLFI

MARCO PALLAVICINI

CARLA BIGGIO