# PHYSICS OF ELEMENTARY PARTICLES

Code

61872

ACADEMIC YEAR

2018/2019

CREDITS

6 credits during the 1st year of 9012 PHYSICS (LM-17) GENOVA

SCIENTIFIC DISCIPLINARY SECTOR

FIS/01

LANGUAGE

Italian

TEACHING LOCATION

GENOVA (PHYSICS)

semester

2° Semester

Prerequisites

You can take the exam for this unit if you passed the following exam(s):

**PHYSICS 9012 (coorte 2018/2019)**- NUCLEAR AND PARTICLE PHYSICS AND ASTROPHYSICS 2 61847
- THEORETICAL PHYSICS 61842
- MATHEMATICAL METHODS IN PHYSICS 61843
- MATTER PHYSICS 2 61844

**PHYSICS 9012 (coorte 2017/2018)**- NUCLEAR AND PARTICLE PHYSICS AND ASTROPHYSICS 2 61847
- THEORETICAL PHYSICS 61842
- MATHEMATICAL METHODS IN PHYSICS 61843
- MATTER PHYSICS 2 61844

Teaching materials

## AIMS AND CONTENT

LEARNING OUTCOMES

The course aims to present the basic analytic tools and fundamental phenomenological concepts in modern particle physics, exploiting examples and applications

AIMS AND LEARNING OUTCOMES

- introducing basic tools to understand modern particle physics and the necessary pre-requisite to achieve an understanding of particle physics based on quantum mechanics and relativity
- introducing modern particle physics from a phenomenological viewpoint
- introducing to techniques and methods to study elementary particles’ properties and their interactions
- discussing open problems in high-energy physics
- all topics are complemented by examples and applications

SYLLABUS/CONTENT

- Basic concepts
- units of measure in particle physics
- reference frame transformations and the centre-of-mass frame
- Lorenz-invariant phase space. 2-body and 3-body phase space
- Kinematics of a 2-body decay
- Kinematics of a 3-body decay. Dalitz plots.
- Kinematics of particle scattering
- Cross sections and decay rates
- Particle production in high-energy collisions; accelerators, luminosity: examples and applications
- Spin and polarisation, covariant formalism, examples and applications

- Modern Particle Physics
- Particle physics phenomenology: masses and energies
- Fundamental building blocks: quarks and leptons
- Force carriers: gluons, electro-weak bosons and gravitons
- Unstable particles and resonances
- Scalar particles: Klein-Gordon equation
- Spin 1/2 particles: Dirac, Weyl and Majorana
- Spin 1 particles
- Continuous and discrete symmetries: C, P, T
- P violation, C violation and CP violation in K mesons

- Determination of Particles’ properties
- Partial wave analysis and helicity formalism
- Some examples
- Introduction to the Standard Model
- the Standard Model and the Higgs mechanism.
- CKM matrix, CP violation
- Physics beyond the Standard Model
- Neutrino mass and oscillations
- Low-energy processes.

## TEACHERS AND EXAM BOARD

Exam Board

ALESSANDRO PETROLINI (President)

SIMONE MARZANI (President)

GIOVANNI RIDOLFI

MARCO PALLAVICINI

CARLA BIGGIO