CHEMISTRY PART 2

CHEMISTRY PART 2

_
iten
Code
56543
ACADEMIC YEAR
2018/2019
CREDITS
6 credits during the 1st year of 10375 CHEMICAL AND PROCESSES ENGINEERING (L-9) GENOVA
SCIENTIFIC DISCIPLINARY SECTOR
CHIM/07
LANGUAGE
Italian
TEACHING LOCATION
GENOVA (CHEMICAL AND PROCESSES ENGINEERING)
semester
2° Semester
modules
This unit is a module of:
Teaching materials

OVERVIEW

Study of chemical and chemical-physical basic of technologies, with particular reference to materials, properties and interaction with the environment, providing a synthesis of common principles of state and transformation of matter.

AIMS AND CONTENT

LEARNING OUTCOMES

To supply a basic chemical culture, required to describe the thermodynamic and kinetic in the organic reactions of hydrocarbons and common functional groups.

AIMS AND LEARNING OUTCOMES

The training activities proposed in the form of lectures and exercises, associated to the individual study, will allow the student to:

know the reactions for the conversion of the main inorganic compounds;

understand the structure of coordination compounds;

know the organic nomenclature and the different isomersisms;

understand the reaction mechanisms of organic compounds;

discuss all the proposed activities with a scientific method and appropriate language.

Teaching methods

Lectures and exercises in the classroom. The assessment of learning and operational skills during the course will take place through the monitoring carried out during the exercises.

The transversal skills in terms of independence of judgment will be acquired through the classroom performance of the exercises to be carried out in a group.

SYLLABUS/CONTENT

Sources and uses of hydrogen. Main compounds of the elements in the s-block. Electronic models of coordination compounds. Elements and compounds of the d-block. Coordination and surface chemistry. Bio-inorganic compounds. Chemical behavior of semimetals and amphoters. Semiconductors for LED and photocatalysis. Chemistry of anions of non-metals. Synthetic and natural silicates and silicoaluminates. Chemistry of gaseous molecules of non-metals. Air quality.

Structure and nomenclature of organic compounds. Functional, chain, position and geometric isomerism. Stereoisomery. Tautomerism. Conformation and configuration. Overview of some relationships between physical properties and structure of organic compounds. Homolytic (radical) and heterolytic reactions. Chain reactions. Aliphatic nucleophilic substitutions (SN1 and SN2). Eliminations (E1 and E2). Addition reactions. Molecular transpositions. Nucleophilic carbonyl attacks. Acyl substitutions. Condensation reactions of acid derivatives. Reactions of hydrogens in α to carbonyl. Aldol and Claisen condensation reactions. Oxidations and oxidizers. Electrophilic substitutions and hints of nucleophilic substitutions to the aromatic ring.

RECOMMENDED READING/BIBLIOGRAPHY

Inorganic chemistry

P.W. Atkins, T. Overton, J. Rourke, M. Weller, F. Armstrong, Chimica inorganica, Zanichelli;

F.A. Cotton, G. Wilkinson, P.L. Gaus, Principi di chimica inorganica, Ambrosiana;

J.E. Huheey, E.A. Keiter, R.L. Keiter, Chimica inorganica. Principi, strutture, reattività, Piccin;

G.L. Miessler, D.A. Tarr, Chimica inorganica, Piccin;

G. Rayner-Canham, T. Overton, Chimica inorganica descrittiva. Edises.

 

Organic chemistry

W.H. Brown, T. Poon, Introduzione alla chimica organica, Ed. EdiSES;

J. Gorzynsky Smith, Fondamenti di chimica organica, Ed. McGrow-Hill;

H. Hart, L.E. Craine, D.J. Hart, C.H. Hadad, Chimica organica, Ed. Zanichelli;

J. McMurry, Fondamenti di chimica organica, Ed. Zanichelli;

R.T. Morrison, R.N. Boyd, Chimica organica, Ed. Ambrosiana;

J. G. Smith, Fondamenti di Chimica organica, Ed. McGrow-Hill.

TEACHERS AND EXAM BOARD

Ricevimento: Teacher's Office, Polo Marconi in La Spezia, student reception by appointment.

Exam Board

GIANGUIDO RAMIS (President)

MARCO PANIZZA

ELISABETTA FINOCCHIO

GIACOMO CERISOLA

LESSONS

Teaching methods

Lectures and exercises in the classroom. The assessment of learning and operational skills during the course will take place through the monitoring carried out during the exercises.

The transversal skills in terms of independence of judgment will be acquired through the classroom performance of the exercises to be carried out in a group.

LESSONS START

According to Degree Programmes

EXAMS

Exam description

The exam includes an oral test with open questions. This is structured on 4 questions of different weight for evaluation purposes. The first question is related to the reactivity of the main inorganic compounds, the second to the energy states of the electronic levels s, p, d, f of the transition metals, both weighing 6/30, the third to reaction mechanisms and the fourth on the synthesis of an organic molecule according to the reactions studied during the teaching module, both weight 9/30.

In more detail, the contents of the four questions are:

1) Hydrogen; compounds of s-block elements; compounds of d-block elements; bio-inorganic compounds; semimetals and amphoters; anions of non-metals; silicates and silicoaluminates; gaseous molecules of non-metals; air quality.

2) Coordination compounds; surface reactivity; semiconductors for LED; photocatalysis.

3) Describe one of the following reaction mechanisms: chain, electrophilic addition, electrophilic substitution, nucleophilic substitution, nucleophilic carbonyl attack, carbonyl alpha hydrogens reactivity, acyl substitutions, heterogeneous catalysis.

4) Give the name and synthesize an organic molecule starting from simple raw materials, similarly to what was done during the classroom exercises and present in the appropriate section available to all students in Aulaweb.

There are no limitations to the number of sustainable tests in the two exam sessions.

Assessment methods

The cognitive interview with the student will allow:

evaluate the knowledge of the reactions for the transformation of the main inorganic compounds;

verify the ability to develop an electronic model for the structure of coordination compounds;

evaluate the knowledge of organic nomenclature and of different isomers;

verify the ability to model the mechanisms of the organic reaction.

The quality of the exhibition, the knowledge of the technical terminology, the methodological rigor and the ability to apply the scientific method will be comprehensive part of the evaluation.

FURTHER INFORMATION

Prerequisites: Modulo 1 di Chimica.