VIRTUALIZATION AND CLOUD COMPUTING

VIRTUALIZATION AND CLOUD COMPUTING

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iten
Code
86800
ACADEMIC YEAR
2018/2019
CREDITS
6 credits during the 2nd year of 8733 Computer Engineering (LM-32) GENOVA
SCIENTIFIC DISCIPLINARY SECTOR
ING-INF/05
LANGUAGE
Italian
TEACHING LOCATION
GENOVA (Computer Engineering)
semester
1° Semester
Teaching materials

OVERVIEW

The course introduce the modern topics of networked systems. Starting from the principles of distributed systems, it will lead to the modern multi-processor, multi-location, falut-resistant distributed architectures, which are the basis both of the leading enterprises of the 21st century (Google, Amazon, Facebook) and of Cloud Computing in the wider sense.

The engineering issues of this new ICT industry will be also considered, with consideration on its impact on the environment. 

AIMS AND CONTENT

LEARNING OUTCOMES

The course will address resource virtualization issues in complex information systems. The latest methodological and architectural solutions will be presented. Next, the cloud computing approach will be studied by analyzing both formal aspects and commercial solutions.

AIMS AND LEARNING OUTCOMES

  1. Understand the world of networked services and applications 
  2. Learn to cope with - at a macro level - the design of distributed systems
  3. Acquire knowledge and be able to evaluate the different Cloud architecures
  4. Acquire some competence in programming simple Cloud applications
  5. Understand the engineering issues of ICT in the 21st century

PREREQUISITES

Operating systems, computer networks, basic competence of computer programming and some principles of concurrent programming.

Teaching methods

Mainly frontal lessons. In the second part of the course some specific topics will be proposed for in-depth study, aiming to a brief presentation and follow-updiscussion with the teacher and the other students.

SYLLABUS/CONTENT

A. Distributed systems
Scalability, availability/reliability. Abstractions and models; hypothesis on order and time. Problem of consensus; FLP impossibility and CAP theorem. Strong and weak consistency. Time and order: partial and total order. Relation between time, order and performances. Synchronous and asynchronous replicas. Algorithms that tolerate net partitions: Paxos. Replica mechanisms with strong consistency. Protocols with weak consistency. Data types that have replica convergence (CRDT). CALM theorem.
B. Principles and practical of the Cloud Computing
What it is. Service models: Infrastructure as to Service (IaaS), Platform as to Service (Paas), Software as to Service (SaaS). Contractual aspects and business models. Socio-economic aspects. Technology of Cloud Computing. Examples of Cloud services (Web Services, SaaS, PaaS, IaaS). Organization and management of data in the Cloud. Examples of modern applications (searching, indexing, ranking, collective intelligence). Economic aspects. Security and governance of Cloud (public, private, hybrid).
C. Introduction to Green IT
From traditional server to virtualized server in the Data Center. The organization of a modern Data Center. The issues of power efficiency. The evolution of networks inside Data Centers.

D. Internet Architecture
What is the modern infrastructure of Internet and how its ecosystem evolved over time. Internet governance. What is Network Neutrality and what it implies fromthe  technological and economic points of view.

RECOMMENDED READING/BIBLIOGRAPHY

Mikito Takada, “Distributed Systems for fun and profit”, free ebook [http://book.mixu.net/distsys/], 2013.
Chris Harding et al., “Cloud Computing for Business”, The Open Group, free ebook [https://www2.opengroup.org/ogsys/catalog/G114], 2011.
Marty Poniatowski, “Foundation of Green IT: Consolidation, Virtualization, Efficiency, and ROI in the Data Center”, Prentice Hall (also as ebook), 2009.

TEACHERS AND EXAM BOARD

Ricevimento: The teacher is available on appointment (to be agreed on by e-mail of at the end of any lesson).

Exam Board

GIUSEPPE MARINO (President)

ANTONIO BOCCALATTE

LESSONS

Teaching methods

Mainly frontal lessons. In the second part of the course some specific topics will be proposed for in-depth study, aiming to a brief presentation and follow-updiscussion with the teacher and the other students.

LESSONS START

The first lesson will be on Tue September 18th, following the official timetable.

ORARI

L'orario di tutti gli insegnamenti è consultabile su EasyAcademy.

Vedi anche:

VIRTUALIZATION AND CLOUD COMPUTING

EXAMS

Exam description

Case study of a real application and oral examination.

Assessment methods

To achieve competence in recognizing the specific issues of distributed systems, to be able to outline viable technical solutions. To acquire competence in evaluating and comparing projects of Cloud architectures and in designing simple applicative services on the Internet.