PHILOSOPHY OF SCIENCE

PHILOSOPHY OF SCIENCE

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Code
55982
ACADEMIC YEAR
2018/2019
CREDITS
6 credits during the 2nd year of 8750 PEDAGOGICAL SCIENCES AND EDUCATION (L-19) GENOVA
SCIENTIFIC DISCIPLINARY SECTOR
M-FIL/02
LANGUAGE
Italian
TEACHING LOCATION
GENOVA (PEDAGOGICAL SCIENCES AND EDUCATION)
semester
2° Semester
Teaching materials

AIMS AND CONTENT

LEARNING OUTCOMES

This course aims to present the most relevant problems of the philosophy of science and the main concepts related to it, giving particular attention to questions that concern the knowledge of the human being, in its psychological and social dimensions. The purpose is not only to convey information, but also to enable a reflection on the human sciences, their methods, their achievements and their possible limitations, taking into account their specific approaches and assumptions.

AIMS AND LEARNING OUTCOMES

Students will receive essential information about the contemporary discussion on scientific knowledge and on the most relevant  concepts involved in it.

They will be expected to acquire the capacity to reflect in a critical way about philosophical issues, and use suitable vocabulary to discuss concrete cases and examples.

Students will learn to use their skills to build up opinions about philosophical themes founded on coherent and solid arguments.

 

Teaching methods

The course will not consist only of lectures, introducing the main issues of the course and analyzing concepts and problems, but  requires active participation by all students.

The participants will be involved in exercises of philosophical analysis and argumentation, in the clarification and discussion of philosophical concepts and concepts in common use.

The slides used during the lectures will be made available on Aulaweb.

SYLLABUS/CONTENT

For a long time the philosophy of science has reflected on the nature of scientific knowledge, focusing mainly on the model of science provided by the "exact" physical and mathematical sciences of nature. According to this view,  the so called "human sciences" do not offer a sufficiently rigorous form of knowledge; by consequence their "scientific" status was questioned or considered ambiguous and inadequate. In more recent years, however, a deeper epistemological analysis has undermined the uniqueness and strength of the cognitive model offered by the physical-mathematical sciences; furthermore, the rise of the cognitive sciences and neurosciences has made it possible to extend the methods and procedures of a "rigorous" form of knowledge (computer science, artificial intelligence, neurophysiology) to the more complex dimension of human mind and human agency. However,  what does "science" mean? Can science be distinguished  in a clear way from other kinds of knowledge (opinion, faith, wisdom ...)? Is science the only actual knowledge? Which are its proper areas of application? Can we speak of "science" in the singular? What relationship exists between different types of scientific knowledge, particularly in relation to the knowledge of the human and social world?
This course will address these issues, with particular reference to the most advanced challenge towards the non-scientific comprehension of the human mind, that is proposed by the emerging role of the so-called  neurosciences.

RECOMMENDED READING/BIBLIOGRAPHY

1) S. Okasha, Il primo libro di filosofia della scienza, Torino, Einaudi, 2006.
2) 
 N. Vassallo (a cura di), Filosofia delle scienze, Torino, Einaudi, 2003, limitatamente ai seguenti capitoli: A. Pagnini, Filosofia della psicanalisi, pp. 249-279; A. Civita, Filosofia della psicologia, pp. 281-317; M. Frixione, Filosofia delle scienze cognitive, pp. 319-350; D. Sparti, Filosofia delle scienze sociali, pp. 351-383.


3) in addition, one of the following pairs of books:

3.1) P. Legrenzi / C. Umiltà, Neuro-mania. Il cervello non spiega chi siamo, Bologna, Il Mulino, 2009; S. A. Aglioti / G. Berlucchi, Neurofobia. Chi ha paura del cervello?, Milano, Cortina, 2013.

3.2)  M. Di Francesco, La coscienza, Roma-Bari, Laterza, 2000; G. Edelman, Più grande del cielo. Lo straordinario dono fenomenico della coscienza, Einaudi, Torino, 2004.

3.3)  T. Pievani, Introduzione alla filosofia della biologia, Roma-Bari, Laterza, 2005; T. Nagel, Mente e cosmo. Perché la concezione neodarwiniana della natura è quasi certamente falsa, Milano, Cortina, 2015.

3.4) L. Craighero, Neuroni specchio, Bologna, Il Mulino, 2010; G. Hickok, Il mito dei neuroni specchio, Torino, Bollati Boringhieri, 2015.

3.5) La spiegazione nelle scienze umane, a cura di Raffaella Campaner, Roma, Carocci, 2004; D. Sparti, Epistemologia delle scienze sociali, Bologna, il Mulino, 2002.

3.6) J. R. Searle, Libertà e neurobiologia, Milano, Bruno Mondadori, 2005; M. De Caro, A. Lavazza, G. Sartori (a cura di ), Siamo davvero liberi? Le neuroscienze e il mistero del libero arbitrio, Torino, Codice, 2010.

TEACHERS AND EXAM BOARD

Exam Board

SAMUELE IAQUINTO (President)

CLAUDIO LA ROCCA

LESSONS

Teaching methods

The course will not consist only of lectures, introducing the main issues of the course and analyzing concepts and problems, but  requires active participation by all students.

The participants will be involved in exercises of philosophical analysis and argumentation, in the clarification and discussion of philosophical concepts and concepts in common use.

The slides used during the lectures will be made available on Aulaweb.

LESSONS START

The firs lesson will take place in the week 19-24 Februay 2018

ORARI

L'orario di tutti gli insegnamenti è consultabile su EasyAcademy.

Vedi anche:

PHILOSOPHY OF SCIENCE

EXAMS

Exam description

Oral exam

Assessment methods

The aim of the oral exam is to assess 1) the student's ability to orient her/himself in texts; 2) the student’s capacity to identify underlying concepts and argumentative techniques; 3) the student’s capacity to understand and carry out philosophical reasoning and to address philosophical issues. It intends to verify not only knowledge but the acquisition of skills of analysis and discussion of philosophical issues.

FURTHER INFORMATION

By agreement with the teacher, foreign students will be allowed to read texts in English or in other languages