The course has as main objectives: Acquiring knowledge of the causes, behavior and prevention of infectious and degenerative diseases and their health and social impacts. During the course the elements to understand the Italian health organization with particular emphasis to the Health Promotion and Education for the health of populations are given.
At the end of the course the student will have acquired the knowledge necessary for the prevention of degenerative and infectious diseases and for the health promotion.
AIMS AND LEARNING OUTCOMES
At the end of the course the student will be able to:
Knowing the causes, symptoms, epidemiology and prevention of infectious diseases (diphtheria, tetanus, whooping cough, diseases of S. pneumoniae, meningococcal disease, hepatitis, AIDS, influenza, a fecal-oral diseases Chain and carriers) and degenerative diseases (cardiovascular diseases and cancer) and be able to educate the public to know the value and practice of preventive measures (disinfection and vaccine prophylaxis)
Know about Environmental Hygiene issues (pollution, water hygiene, food hygiene, environmental hygiene and confined to school)
Knowing how to design a project for health education
History and Introduction to hygiene. The organization of health services. Principles and Strategies of Health Promotion. The health statistics and epidemiology as essential tools for health promotion. Outline of statistics, fundamentals and purposes of the statistical method. Epidemiological measures: description of the number of events, ratios, proportions, rates, indicators, data sources and their quality; the questionnaire. Epidemiological studies: descriptive studies, case-control studies, cohort studies, experimental studies, the association criteria and confounding, screening tests, the mortality studies. Prevention Concepts: Primary, secondary and tertiary prevention. Epidemiology and prophylaxis (report, isolation, quarantine, disinfectants, vaccine, chemoprophylaxis, passive immunoprophylaxis) of infectious diseases with particular regard to: AIDS; Viral hepatitis; Influence; respiratory virus diseases; Tuberculosis; Meningitis; Measles; Mumps; Rubella; Chickenpox; Infections by Pneumococcus and Haemophilus Influentiae; Polio; Diphtheria; Tetanus. Hygiene of the trips. Epidemiology and prevention of degenerative diseases, in particular cardiovascular diseases and cancers. Hygiene school: The school building, orientation and distribution of the school environment space, the classroom, the school desk and school facilities. Hygiene confined environment. Environmental Sanitation: water hygiene, waste disposal and air pollution, noise and electromagnetic pollution. Food hygiene and nutrition. First aid Brief.
Signorelli C. Igiene, Epidemiologia e Sanità Pubblica, SEU 2011 - VI Edizione. A. Boccia, G. Ricciardi, Igiene generale della scuola e dello sport, Idelson-Gnocchi, Napoli, 2002. Optional text: Auxilia F, Pontello M. Igiene e Sanità Pubblica – Educazione sanitaria. PICCIN 2011.
Ricevimento: Students will be received by appointment.
DONATELLA PANATTO (President)
Written exam: - 30 multiple-choice quizzes with 4 responses of which an exact one. For each correct answer 1 point, for each wrong answer or missing 0 points;
- an open answer question: 0 to 3 points.
Evaluation of group activity through presentation in plenary: 0 to 3 points.
Possible oral examination.