AERONAUTICAL PROPULSION

AERONAUTICAL PROPULSION

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iten
Code
65902
ACADEMIC YEAR
2018/2019
CREDITS
6 credits during the 2nd year of 9270 Mechanical Engineering - Energy and Aeronautics (LM-33) GENOVA
SCIENTIFIC DISCIPLINARY SECTOR
ING-IND/08
LANGUAGE
Italian
TEACHING LOCATION
GENOVA (Mechanical Engineering - Energy and Aeronautics)
semester
1° Semester
modules
Teaching materials

AIMS AND CONTENT

LEARNING OUTCOMES

The main objective of the course is to supply the instruments for the study of aeronautical propulsion: thrust and performance of the different engine types during the different flight phases, engine layouts and main components responsible for the propulsion.

AIMS AND LEARNING OUTCOMES

The active participation into classroom lessons and the personal study allow the student:

- to distinguish the different types of aeronautical engines and to understand the mode of operation;  

- to evaluate the aircraft requirements during the different flight phases;

- to select the proper engine to satisfy the specific requirements;

- to understand the mechanisms of thrust generation for the different kinds of engine;

- to evaluate the performance of a propulsion system;

- to identify the design parameters, which drive the thrust generation and influence the propulsion  system performance;

- to know and understand the operation mode of the main components of the engine responsible for the thrust generation.

Teaching methods

The module is articulated into classroom frontal lessons, which foresee not only presentation and discussion of the theoretical contents, but also some numerical applications aimed at promoting learning and comprehension.

SYLLABUS/CONTENT

The main contents of the module are here listed:

- Brief introduction to the aeronautical propulsion history; large aircraft propulsion; standard atmosphere; units used in the aeronautical field.

- Classification of the aeroengines: architectures of propeller engines, ramjet, turbojet with and without afterburner, turbofan with low and high by-pass-ratios, pulsejet.

- Aircraft aerodynamics principles: lift, drag and momentum coefficients; finite wings and induced drag; wing aspect ratio.

- Airplane drag polar; aerodynamic forces acting on the airplane; thrust and power required for level, unaccelerated flight; maximum velocity; rate of climb; gliding flight; absolute and service ceiling; time-to-climb. Range and endurance for propeller driven and jet airplanes. Breguet’s range formula. Takeoff and landing performance. Turning flight and the v-n diagram. 

- Evaluation of the engine requirements, installed and uninstalled thrust.

- Generation of thrust for turbojet, turbofan, and turboprop. Actuator disk and blade element theories. Performance parameters of propulsion systems: cycle efficiency, propulsion efficiency, and overall efficiency.

- Turbojet engine: cycle analysis, design paramaters.

- Turbofan engine: cycle analysis, by-pass ratio selection.

- Turboprop engine: cycle analysis, optimum power split between the propeller and the jet.

- Main components responsible for the propulsion. Inlets: main requirements, non-dimensional parameters, diffuser geometries, Sovran and Klomp diffuser performance charts, supersonic inlets. Nozzles: main requirements, performance, nozzle area scheduling. Thrust reverser and thrust vectoring.                                                                 

RECOMMENDED READING/BIBLIOGRAPHY

Lesson notes and classroom material are sufficient for the exam preparation.

The books here listed are also suggested as a support:

- J. D. Anderson, “Introduction to Flight, Sixth Edition”, McGraw-Hill

- S.  Farokhi, “Aircraft Propulsion”, John Wiley & Sons

- N. Cumpsty, “Jet Propulsion”, Cambridge University Press

- R. D. Flack, “Fundamentals of Jet Propulsion with Applications”, Cambridge University Press

TEACHERS AND EXAM BOARD

Ricevimento: Office hours by appointment sending an email to francesca.satta@unige.it

Exam Board

ANDREA CATTANEI (President)

FRANCESCA SATTA (President)

PIETRO ZUNINO

MARINA UBALDI

DANIELE SIMONI

EDWARD CANEPA

LESSONS

Teaching methods

The module is articulated into classroom frontal lessons, which foresee not only presentation and discussion of the theoretical contents, but also some numerical applications aimed at promoting learning and comprehension.

EXAMS

Exam description

The exam is based on oral examination.

The date of the exam is fixed by appointment.

Assessment methods

The oral examination will be focused on the topics treated during the lessons and will be aimed at evaluating not only the fulfilment of an adequate knowledge level, but also the acquisition of critical analysis skills on the topics of the exam.

At least two questions will be asked about the aircraft requirements and the propulsion systems.