PHYSICS (PCT)(MD)
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OVERVIEW
The Physics course includes theoretical lessons and an important part of exercises done in the classroom. The study is aimed at providing the basis to more efficiently deal with the continuation of the studies. The problems of classical physics will be addressed with the resolution of elementary problems.
AIMS AND CONTENT
LEARNING OUTCOMES
The course aims to deepen the knowledge of classical physics and provide a scientific method to solve simple problems. The course provides a summary of mechanics focusing on topics at are a necessary support for other classes, the study of thermodynamics (I and II principle, thermodynamic potentials) and of ideal and real fluids (hydrostatic, surface tension, viscosity, turbulence), therefore elements of electricity and magnetism (notions of electrostatics, charge and discharge of a capacitor, magnetic effects of currents). Finally, introduction to the basic principles of electromagnetic and corpuscular radiation, with particular attention to geometric optics and the study of lenses.
AIMS AND LEARNING OUTCOMES
The course aims to provide the student with the essential tools for the study of the fundamental phenomena of Physics, from mechanics to thermodynamics to electromagnetism. In particular, it intended to provide during the course a methodology that allows the student to deal with new topics gradually encountered in subsequent studies.
Teaching methods
The course includes theoretical lectures and resolution of exercises. Basic knowledge of mathematics is important and frequency is strongly recommended. During the year, exam simulation tests will be carried out proposing to the students exercises on the different parts of the program.
SYLLABUS/CONTENT
Mechanics
Experimental method. Physical quantities and units of measurement. Random and systematic errors. Units of measurement systems. Scalar and vector quantities. Operations with the carriers. Dimensional analysis. The principles of dynamics. Some simple types of forces: contact force, weight force, tension, elastic force. Static and dynamic friction forces. Work of a force and relative units of measurement. Power and relative units of measurement. Kinetic energy. Work of the resultant forces and workenergy theorem. Conservative forces and potential energy. Conservation of mechanical energy. Work done by dissipative forces. Amount of motion. Impulse. Shock.
Thermodynamics
Temperature and thermometric scales. Equation of state. Perfect gases. Kinetic theory. Evaporation. Vapor pressure. Diagram pV. Equations of Celsius and Van der Waals. Heat. Internal energy of a perfect gas. Specific heat. Calorimetry. Introduction to heat management. Definition of work. The first principle. Free expansion of Joule. Cp and CV for a perfect gas. Principle of energy equipartition. Adiabatic transformations. Constant p and V reactions. Enthalpy. Announcements of the 2nd principle. Entropy as a status function. Entropy and IIth principle. Constant p and T systems. Thermodynamic potentials.
Static and Dynamics of Fluids
Density and specific weight. Stevino's law. Torricelli experience. Mercury barometer. Principle of Archimedes. Capacity. Continuity equation. Bernoulli's equation. Examples and applications. Viscosity. Poiseuille equation. Stokes law. Sedimentation. Turbulent flow and Reynolds number. Blood circulation. Engine work of the heart. Brownian motions. Molecular diffusion. Fick's law and diffusion coefficient. Surface tension. Laplace formula. Mechanics of breathing. Capillarity and Jurin's law. Clinical thermometer. Dropper. Gaseous embolism.
Electrostatics and circuits
Elementary phenomena of electrification. Coulomb's law. Field and electric potential. Electric dipole. Electric currents. Laws of Ohm. Resistors and Capacitors. Serial and parallel connections. Joule effect. Energy stored in a condenser. Condenser charge and discharge process. Constant time RC.
Magnetism
Magnetic effects. Vector magnetic induction B. Lorentz force. Magnetic force on a wire run by a current. Fields B produced by currents. Strength between two parallel threads run by currents. Definition of Ampere. Overview of magnetic induction: FaradayNeumann law.
Overview of physical optics
Electromagnetic waves and general properties. Polarization. The electromagnetic spectrum. Light as part of the electromagnetic spectrum. The speed of light in vacuum and in any medium. Optical transparency of material and LambertBeer law. Interference and Diffraction. Rayleigh criterion.
Geometric optics
Optical instruments. Laws of reflection and refraction. Dispersion of light. Total reflection and limit angle. Refraction on a spherical surface. Thin lenses. Lens equation. Magnifying glass. Compound microscope. The human eye.
Radiation
Electromagnetic and corpuscular radiation. Photoelectric effect. Energy levels of an atom. Xrays. Stimulated emission. The Laser. The action of ionizing radiation .. Dosimetric units of measurement.
RECOMMENDED READING/BIBLIOGRAPHY

Walker James – Fondamenti di Fisica – Pearson Italia

Ragozzino Ezio  Principi di Fisica – EdiSES
 Celasco Marcello, Panieri Daniele  2000 Problemi di Fisica completamente risolti – ECIG
TEACHERS AND EXAM BOARD
Ricevimento: a date for an appointment could be request by email at: canale@fisica.unige.it
Exam Board
CLAUDIO CANALE (President)
ALESSANDRA PESCE
ORNELLA CAVALLERI
DARIO MASSABO'
LESSONS
Teaching methods
The course includes theoretical lectures and resolution of exercises. Basic knowledge of mathematics is important and frequency is strongly recommended. During the year, exam simulation tests will be carried out proposing to the students exercises on the different parts of the program.
ORARI
L'orario di tutti gli insegnamenti è consultabile su EasyAcademy.
EXAMS
Exam description
The exam takes place through a mandatory written test for all students. The written test is followed by an oral exam, optional for students who have obtained a sufficient evaluation of the written test (≥ 18/30), mandatory for students with a score <18.
120 minutes will be available to complete the test, textbooks and notes can be consulted. After the correction, the documents are discussed with the interested students. The oral exam takes place in the presence of two tenured teachers, and it lasts approximately 30 minutes on average.
The deadline for registration is five days before the date of the exam. Exceptions to this deadline will not be admitted.
If the score of the written test will be <13, the student will have to reapply to a subsequent session, but not before 28 days.
Assessment methods
The assessment of learning is verified in a the written exam. When necessary and / or required, an oral exam is provided to deepen the knowledge and the ability to link the topics studied.