MARINE MICROBIOLOGY

MARINE MICROBIOLOGY

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iten
Code
94716
ACADEMIC YEAR
2018/2019
CREDITS
6 credits during the 1st year of 10723 MARINE BIOLOGI AND ECOLOGY (LM-75) GENOVA

5 credits during the 2nd year of 10556 MARINE SCIENCES (LM-75) GENOVA

SCIENTIFIC DISCIPLINARY SECTOR
BIO/19
LANGUAGE
Italian
TEACHING LOCATION
GENOVA (MARINE BIOLOGI AND ECOLOGY)
semester
1° Semester
Teaching materials

OVERVIEW

Marine waters cover 70% of the earth's surface and are populated by thousands of micro-organisms that play a fundamental role for life on our planet. Marine microbiology deals with the study of microorganisms (archea, bacteria, viruses and eukaryotic microorganisms) and their activities in marine ecosystems. It includes the study of microbial biodiversity, interactions between microorganisms and other living organisms and their role in coastal and oceanic marine ecosystems.

AIMS AND CONTENT

LEARNING OUTCOMES

The aim of this course is to provide students with basic knowledge on the biology and ecology of marine microorganisms, and their ecological role. The study methods and the main modern techniques for the characterization and study of microorganisms and marine microbial communities are also covered

AIMS AND LEARNING OUTCOMES

The attendance and participation in the planned training activities will allow the student to acquire general knowledge in the field of marine microbiology

Specifically, the student will be able to:

• Know the basic biology of marine microorganisms and their activities

• Understanding the ecological role of marine microorganisms and marine microbial communities

• Know the main techniques of modern use necessary for the characterization and study of marine microbes

PREREQUISITES

To effectively address teaching contents basic knowledge on general microbiology (eg structure of the prokaryotic cell and microbial metabolism) and biochemistry and molecular biology (structure and function of the main organic biomolecules, basic knowledge of the mechanisms of DNA replication and protein synthesis) are strongly recommended

Teaching methods

The course consists exclusively of lectures. Attendance at lessons is strongly recommended.
Lectures in the classroom are delivered through multimedia presentations. 

SYLLABUS/CONTENT

The main groups of marine microorganisms: taxonomic classification, biological characteristics, phototrophic bacteria, chemoautotrophic bacteria, extremophiles marine prokaryotes, marine viruses. Role of microorganisms in the marine environment: microbial loop, viral loop, biological pump. Marine pathogenic microorganisms: infections transmitted to humans and animals and main biological characteristics of some of the pathogens involved (e.g. Vibrio spp.). Physiological status and survival strategies of bacteria in the marine environment: state of "starvation", state VBNC, microbial biofilms. Culture-based (traditional assays and in situ cultivation) and non culture- based (PCR, epifluorescence microscopy, fluorescent in situ-FISH hybridization, antigen antibody reactions) assays for the detection and study of bacteria and viruses in marine samples. Analysis of microbial diversity in the marine environment: molecular fingerprinting techniques (ARDRA, RLFP, TRLFP, DDGE, TTGE), metagenomic techniques (amplicon-based metagenomic, shotgun metagenomic, target-based metagenomic). Climate change and marine microrganisms. Faecal pollution and microbiological control of marine waters. Biotechnological use of marine microorganisms and their products.

RECOMMENDED READING/BIBLIOGRAPHY

All slides used during lessons and other teaching materials will be available on AulaWeb at the end of each lesson cycle. The books listed below are suggested as supporting texts, but students can still use other university level texts.

Micheal T Madigan et al 2016. Brock, Biologia dei microrganismi, Microbiologia generale, ambientale e industriale. Pearson Editore (Milano), ISBN-10: 889190094X, 848 pp.

D. R. Wessner, C. Dupont, T. C. Charles 2015. Microbiologia. Casa Editrice Ambrosiana (Milan). ISBN: 8808181006

TEACHERS AND EXAM BOARD

Ricevimento: Meetings with students will be agreed directly with the teacher

Exam Board

LUIGI VEZZULLI (President)

CARLA PRUZZO

MARCO GIOVINE

LESSONS

Teaching methods

The course consists exclusively of lectures. Attendance at lessons is strongly recommended.
Lectures in the classroom are delivered through multimedia presentations. 

LESSONS START

http://www.distav.unige.it/ccsbio/orario-lezioni-bem

EXAMS

Exam description

The exam is oral and consists of the answer to questions asked by the teacher on topics covered during the course. Three calls will be available in the winter session (January-February) and 3 calls in the summer session (June, July, September).

Assessment methods

Detailed information on how to prepare for the exam and the degree of detail required for each covered topic will be provided during the lessons. The oral examination will focus on the topics covered in class and will have the purpose to evaluate not only if the student has reached an adequate level of knowledge, but also if he has acquired the ability to recall the theoretical notions by applying them to simple concrete contexts. The ability to expose the arguments clearly and with correct terminology will also be evaluated.

FURTHER INFORMATION

Regular attendance at lessons is strongly recommended.