MICROBIOLOGY AND CLINICAL MICROBIOLOGY

MICROBIOLOGY AND CLINICAL MICROBIOLOGY

_
iten
Code
62664
ACADEMIC YEAR
2018/2019
CREDITS
6 credits during the 2nd year of 8746 School of Dental Medicine (LM-46) GENOVA
SCIENTIFIC DISCIPLINARY SECTOR
MED/07
LANGUAGE
Italian
TEACHING LOCATION
GENOVA (School of Dental Medicine)
semester
1° Semester
modules
This unit is a module of:
Teaching materials

OVERVIEW

Microorganisms have an extraordinary impact on the entire life and the composition of our planet. Microorganisms and humans have a very close relationship. 
Some thousands of microbial species, collectively known as microbiota, live in our body and plays useful functions, while other species, pathogens, may cause morbidity. Upon the completion of this course the students should know the biology of the microorganisms and their strategies to cause diseases in humans and in particular in oral cavity

AIMS AND CONTENT

LEARNING OUTCOMES

General Microbiology: To know the main characteristics of prokaryotes, eukaryotes and viruses and their classification. The host-microbe interactions (symbiosis, parasitism, opportunism, colonization, infection, disease).
General Bacteriology: To know the characteristics of bacteria (bacterial structure, growth and microbial metabolism, overview of bacterial genetics). To understand the bacterial pathogenicity and virulence factors (input, adherence to host tissue, invasion, permanence, exotoxins and endotoxins, hydrolytic enzymes, antiphagocytic mechanisms), intracellular parasites and heterogeneity antigen. To know the major classes of chemotherapeutic agents and antibiotics (beta-lactams, glycopeptides, aminoglycosides, tetracyclines, quinolones, chloramphenicol, macrolides, clindamycin, oxazolidinones, streptogramins, nitroimidazoles, rifampin) and their main characteristics (spectrum of action, target, pharmacokinetics and mechanisms of drug resistance). Susceptibility and antimicrobial resistance  and quantitative and qualitative determination of antibiotic activity. 

General Virology: To know the general characteristics of the viruses (structure and composition,  viral classification, viral replication, viral genetics overview). To understand the mechanism of viral penetration into the host,  viral transmission, spreading, tropism, virulence and cytopathic effects, persistence, latency, reactivation). To know the antiviral drugs and resistances.
Mycology a: To know the general characteristics of pathogenic fungi 
Oral Microbiology: to know the chracteristics of the oral ecosystem, oral microbiota and the pathogenicity mechanisms causing caries, gengivitis, parodontitis...

Teaching methods

lessons for 60 hours in classroom. Compulsory class attendance.

SYLLABUS/CONTENT

-Main characteristics of prokaryotes, eukaryotes and viruses and their classification.
 -The host-microbe interactions (symbiosis, parasitism, opportunism, colonization, infection, disease).
 - Characteristics of bacteria (bacterial structure, growth and bacterial metabolism, overview of bacterial genetics) .
-Bacterial pathogenicity and virulence factors (input, adherence to host tissue, invasion, permanence, exotoxins and endotoxins, hydrolytic enzymes, antifagocitari mechanisms).
-Intracellular parasites and heterogeneity antigen.
-Classification of antibiotics (beta-lactams, glycopeptides, aminoglycosides, tetracyclines, quinolones, chloramphenicol, macrolides, clindamycin, oxazolidinones, streptogramins, nitroimidazoles, rifampin). 
-Antibiotics: spectrum of activity, target, pharmacokinetics and mechanisms of drug resistance. Susceptibility and antimicrobial resistance  and quantitative and qualitative determination of antibiotic activity.  
- General characteristics of viruses (structure and composition, viral classification, viral replication, viral genetics overview). 
-Mechanism of viral penetration into the host, viral transmission, spreading, tropism, virulence and cytopathic effects, persistence, latency, reactivation). Antiviral drugs and resistances.
- General characteristics of pathogenic fungi.

-Oral microbiology: oral ecosystem, microbioma, the role of microorganisms in tha major infective oral disease: caries, gengivitis, parodontitis...

 

RECOMMENDED READING/BIBLIOGRAPHY

Microbiologia: AA.VV. Principi di microbiologia Medica. Casa Editrice Ambrosiana

TEACHERS AND EXAM BOARD

Ricevimento: An appointment, fixed by  an electronic request at the address: anna-marchese@unige.it, is needed

Exam Board

CECILIA TRUCCHI (President)

ANNA MARCHESE (President)

CARLO PESCE

DANIELA AMICIZIA

LESSONS

Teaching methods

lessons for 60 hours in classroom. Compulsory class attendance.

EXAMS

Exam description

written test

Assessment methods

The evaluation is carried out through the only final exam which seeks to ascertain the actual acquisition by the student of the expected learning results. To demonstrate their knowledge, the students will be able to know:
-the main characteristics of prokaryotes, eukaryotes and viruses and their classification. The host-microbe interactions (symbiosis, parasitism, opportunism, colonization, infection, disease); 
-the characteristics of bacteria (bacterial structure, growth and microbial metabolism, overview of bacterial genetics);
-the bacterial pathogenicity and virulence factors (input, adherence to host tissue, invasion, permanence, exotoxins and endotoxins, hydrolytic enzymes, antiphagocytic mechanisms), intracellular parasites and heterogeneity antigen;
-the major classes of chemotherapeutic agents and antibiotics (beta-lactams, glycopeptides, aminoglycosides, tetracyclines, quinolones, chloramphenicol, macrolides, clindamycin, oxazolidinones, streptogramins, nitroimidazoles, rifampin) and their main characteristics (spectrum of action, target, pharmacokinetics and mechanisms of drug resistance); 
-susceptibility and antimicrobial resistance  and quantitative and qualitative determination of antibiotic activity;
-the general characteristics of the viruses (structure and composition,  viral classification, viral replication, viral genetics overview);
-the mechanism of viral penetration into the host,  viral transmission, spreading, tropism, virulence and cytopathic effects, persistence, latency, reactivation);
-the antiviral drugs and resistances;
-the general characteristics of pathogenic fungi

-the characteristics of the main species causing human infectious diseases.

-the microbiology of the oral cavity: microbiota and pathogens
A minimum mark of 18/30 is required to pass the module. The mark 30/30 with any honors will correspond to an excellent knowledge of all argoments.