CHEMISTRY AND BIOCHEMISTRY - MOD. 2

iten
Code
80587
ACADEMIC YEAR
2017/2018
CREDITS
4 credits during the 1st year of 8725 Bioengineering (LM-21) GENOVA
SCIENTIFIC DISCIPLINARY SECTOR
BIO/10
LANGUAGE
Italian (English on demand)
TEACHING LOCATION
GENOVA (Bioengineering)
semester
2° Semester
modules
This unit is a module of:
Teaching materials

AIMS AND CONTENT

LEARNING OUTCOMES

We aim at giving fundamental knowledge on the structure and metabolism (anabolism and catabolism) of biomolecules, with a special focus on metabolism, integration and functional integration of human organs.

AIMS AND LEARNING OUTCOMES

Students will learn the structure of the main biomolecules (lipids, proteins, carbohydrates, nucleotides) and their main anabolic and catabolic pathways. They should be able to understand the role of enzymatic regulation (also with knowledge of Kinetics and thermodynamic) in the different metabolic pathways.  Students should be able to correlate the signaling pathways activating different metabolic response in different organs, with a focus on the (dys)functional integration between different human organs.

TEACHING METHODS

Frontal Teaching. Seminars.

SYLLABUS/CONTENT

 

  • Structure, properties and functions of aminoacids and proteins.
  • Enzymology. Enzymatic kinetics. Michaelis-Menten's equation. Enzyme inhibition. Allosteric enzymes. Properties and classification of enzymes. Vitamins as coenzymes.
  • Proteins that bind and transport oxygen; myoglobin and hemoglobin: structural properties and saturation curves. Cooperativeness.
  • Principles of bioenergetics and biosignalling.
  • Role of ATP and other phosphorous compounds. General principles of metabolism, catabolism, anabolism.
  • Carbohydrate metabolism: Glycolysis, gluconeogenesis and regulation. Ketone bodies. Glycogen synthesis, glycogen lysis and their reciprocal regulation in muscle and liver. Pentose phosphate pathway: oxidative and non-oxidative phase, metabolic meaning and regulation. Glutathione. Clinical tests for glucose metabolism.
  • The citric acid cycle. Pyruvate in mitochondria. Pyruvate dehydrogenase. AcetilCoA. Cycle regulation.
  • Oxidative phosphorylation. Flow of electrons on respiratory chain complexes. Structures and functions of cofactors involved in the transport of electrons. Proton gradient formation. Chemiosmotic coupling. ATP synthase. Structure and function. Coupling of ATP synthesis with the proton gradient and oxygen consumption.
  • Lipid metabolism. Lipases and regulation of the metabolism of triacylglycerol. Fatty acids: activation, transport mechanism, β-oxidation. Regulation. Energy yield for palmitate oxidation. Biosynthesis of fatty acids and triacylglycerol. Clinical tests for lipid metabolism.
  • Protein catabolism. Transamination and deamination of glutamate. Ketogenic and glucogenic amino acids. Urea cycle and its regulation. Clinical tests for protein metabolism.
  • Metabolic correlations between organs.

RECOMMENDED READING/BIBLIOGRAPHY

“Lehninger Principles of Biochemistry”, David L. Nelson, Michael M. Cox. Ed. Zanichelli.

TEACHERS AND EXAM BOARD

Office hours: By appointment by email: santina.bruzzone@unige.it Office: DIMES, Section  of Biochemistry, Viale Benedetto XV, 1 (Genova) Phone: 0103538161  

Exam Board

SANTINA BRUZZONE (President)

ELISABETTA FINOCCHIO (President)

GIANLUCA DAMONTE

GIANGUIDO RAMIS

LESSONS

TEACHING METHODS

Frontal Teaching. Seminars.

EXAMS

EXAM DESCRIPTION

Oral examination, approximately 15-20 minutes. The Discussion will start from a question, from which connections to other subjects will be developed.

ASSESSMENT METHODS

At the end of the course of Biochemistry the student is required to demonstrate, through an oral examination with the teacher, that the  learning outcomes have been reached, being able to connect different areas of the subject and being able to describe the correlation among different metabolic pathways.

Exam schedule

Date Time Location Type Notes
09/01/2018 09:30 GENOVA Orale 21/12/2017 - Aula E2 09/01/2018 - Aula E0 24/01/2018 - Aula E2 12/02/2018 - Aula E0 28/05/2018 - Aula E2 12/06/2018 - Aula E2 03/07/2018 - Aula E2 24/07/2018 - Aula E2 14/09/2018 - Aula E2
12/02/2018 09:30 GENOVA Orale 21/12/2017 - Aula E2 09/01/2018 - Aula E0 24/01/2018 - Aula E2 12/02/2018 - Aula E0 28/05/2018 - Aula E2 12/06/2018 - Aula E2 03/07/2018 - Aula E2 24/07/2018 - Aula E2 14/09/2018 - Aula E2
26/03/2018 10:00 GENOVA Orale aula E2
28/05/2018 09:30 GENOVA Orale 21/12/2017 - Aula E2 09/01/2018 - Aula E0 24/01/2018 - Aula E2 12/02/2018 - Aula E0 28/05/2018 - Aula E2 12/06/2018 - Aula E2 03/07/2018 - Aula E2 24/07/2018 - Aula E2 14/09/2018 - Aula E2
14/09/2018 09:30 GENOVA Orale 21/12/2017 - Aula E2 09/01/2018 - Aula E0 24/01/2018 - Aula E2 12/02/2018 - Aula E0 28/05/2018 - Aula E2 12/06/2018 - Aula E2 03/07/2018 - Aula E2 24/07/2018 - Aula E2 14/09/2018 - Aula E2
30/10/2018 14:30 GENOVA Scritto