GENERAL AND INORGANIC CHEMISTRY (PHAR)(MD)
- Introduction to Chemistry. Elements, compounds and mixtures. Solutions and concentration. Rules of chemical nomenclature. Chemical reactions. Stoichiometry.
- Gas state. The equation of state of ideal gas. Mixtures of gases and Dalton’s law of partial pressure. The real gases and Van der Waals equation.
- Thermodynamics. Heat of reaction and enthalpy. Enthropy. Gibbs free energy and spontaneous reactions.
- Atom. Atomic structure. Atomic orbitals. Electrons and orbitals. Periodic table.
- Chemical bond. Ionic bond. Covalent bound. Electronegativity. Lewis structures. The VSEPR theory. Hybrid orbitals. Intermolecular forces.
- Liquid state and solid state. Liquids. Solids. Metallic bond. Phase transitions and phase diagrams for single-component systems.
- Solutions. Solubility. Ideal solution and Raoult’s law. Colligative properties. Electrolytes. Degree of dissociation. Conductivity of electrolyte solutions.
- Chemical kynetics. Reaction rate. Collision theory. Factors affecting the rate of reactions. Kinetic equation. Catalysis.
- Chemical equilibrium. Law of mass action. Equilibrium constant. Le Chatelier’s principle. Homogeneous and heterogeneous equilibrium.
- Acids and bases. Theories of: Arrhenius, Brønsted-Lowry and Lewis. Strength of acids and bases. Acidity of aqueous solutions: pH. pH indicators. Hydrolysis. Buffer solutions. Solubility equilibrium. Complexes.
- Electrochemistry. Electrodes and galvanic cells. Reduction potentials and Nernst equation. Electrolysis. Faraday’s laws. Accumulators.
- Inorganic chemistry. Hydrogen. Main characteristics of the elements of 1, 2, 13, 14, 15, 16, 17, 18 Groups and their most representative compounds. Characteristics of the elements of d-block and representative compounds.
The recommended book is:
- Peter Atkins, Loretta Jones, “CHIMICA GENERALE” (Seconda edizione italiana condotta sulla terza edizione originale), Ed. Zanichelli.
Other books of General and Inorganic Chemistry at university level can be used, e.g.:
- Peter Atkins, Loretta Jones, “PRINCIPI DI CHIMICA”, Ed. Zanichelli
- Kotz, Treichel, Townsend, “CHIMICA”, Ed. Edises
- Brown, Lemay, Bursten, Murphy, Woodward, “FONDAMENTI DI CHIMICA”, Ed. Edises
- Casarin, Casella, D'Agostino, Filippi, Grandinetti, Purrello, Re, Speranza, "CHIMICA GENERALE E INORGANICA" a cura di M. Speranza, Ed. Edi-ermes
- Petrucci, Herring, Madura, Bissonnette, “CHIMICA GENERALE. Principi ed applicazioni moderne" (+ complete solutions manual), Ed. Piccin
Ricevimento: Office hours can be useful to students who wish to discuss the material being presented in class or to ask for extra help, seeking clarification. Students can meet with Prof. Drava in her office (Di.FAR. - Dipartimento di Farmacia - Viale Cembrano, 4) all days (Monday - Friday, morning or afternoon), except for public holidays and when exams, lessons, laboratory sessions or meetings are scheduled. So, it is advisable to arrange an appointment by e-mail (firstname.lastname@example.org) or by phone (010-3532112).
GIULIANA DRAVA (President)
The exam consists of two compulsory parts: a written test followed by an oral test.
The written test consists in a multiple choice test (30 questions).
Correct answers are scored with a value of 1, absent or ambiguous answers with a value of zero, incorrect answers with a negative value of -0,2. So, the total score is the sum of the right answers after subtracting 0,2 for each wrong answer.
The test must be completed within 60 minutes.
After the correction, the participants can view their test and comment it with the professor.
The minimum score to be admitted to the oral exam is 18/30.
If the score is LESS THAN 12, students are not permitted to repeat the failed test in the next date, if this falls within 20 days.
The oral exam is conducted by two professors of the academic staff; it covers the whole course content and it takes 30 minutes approximately, for an average student.
The exam aims to assess:
- the knowledge and comprehension of the discipline (test)
- the acquisition of a correct scientific language;
- general and specific problem-solving skills in chemistry.