CHEMISTRY

CHEMISTRY

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iten
Code
56537
ACADEMIC YEAR
2017/2018
CREDITS
6 credits during the 1st year of 8784 Mechanical Engineering (L-9) LA SPEZIA
SCIENTIFIC DISCIPLINARY SECTOR
CHIM/07
LANGUAGE
Italian
TEACHING LOCATION
LA SPEZIA (Mechanical Engineering)
semester
2° Semester
modules
This unit is a module of:

OVERVIEW

Study of chemical and chemical-physical basic of technologies, with particular reference to materials, properties and interaction with the environment, providing a synthesis of common principles of state and transformation of matter.

AIMS AND CONTENT

LEARNING OUTCOMES

Chemical and physical basic knowledge of atomic structure, chemical bond, thermodynamic and kinetic needed to interpret and to describe the fundamental aspects of the materials structure and transformation, of the natural and environmental phenomena and of the main technological chemical processes.

AIMS AND LEARNING OUTCOMES

State of matter: atom structure; chemical bonds and weak interactions; amorphous and crystalline solids; liquids; gas.

Relationships between structure and electrical, magnetic and mechanical properties.

Chemical reactivity basics: chemical equilibrium and chemical kinetics; aqueous solutions.

Use of fossil and renewable energy sources. Basics of water treatment.

Numerical applications.

Teaching methods

Lectures and practice. Practical abilities are tested during numerical exercises.

SYLLABUS/CONTENT

Structure of matter: quantization of energy and wave nature of the matter; Schrodinger equation and its application to atomic structure; periodicity of chemical properties; valence bond theory and molecular orbitals, band structure theory in the solids; solid structures; amorphous and crystalline state; properties of liquids and liquid crystals; ideal and real gases; relationship between structure and mechanical, magnetic and electrical properties.

Fundamentals of the chemical reactivity: Gibbs function and chemical equilibrium; aqueous solutions, strong acids and bases, weak acids and bases, hydrolysis of the salts, buffer solutions; solubility of salts; chemical kinetics and kinetic equations; Arrhenius law, transition complex and catalysis.

Polymeric materials: introduction to organic chemistry; relations between property and structure of the synthetic polymers (fibers, plastics, elastomers, thermosetting polymers, Tm, Tg, crystallinity, mechanical properties, conductive polymers); liquid crystals; environmental impact of synthetic polymers.

Energy and environment: energy sources and sustainable development; hydrogen production; renewable sources. Emissions in the atmosphere and water treatment.

Numerical applications: units; nomenclature of chemical compounds; mole; formulas; atomic and molecular weight; chemical reactions; gas laws; concentrations; shift of the chemical equilibrium; pH.

RECOMMENDED READING/BIBLIOGRAPHY

Theory

R. Chang, Fondamenti di chimica generale, McGrow-Hill, Milano, 2009;
P. Atkins e L. Jones, Principi di chimica, Zanichelli, Bologna, 2005;
M.S. Silberberg, Chimica, McGrow-Hill, Milano 2004;
V. Lorenzelli, Elementi di Chimica per le Facoltà di Ingegneria, Genova, Ed. Univ., 1994;

Exercises

M. Panizza e G. Cerisola, Esercizi di Chimica per Ingegneria, ECIG, Genova, 2003.

TEACHERS AND EXAM BOARD

Ricevimento: Teacher's Office, Polo Marconi in La Spezia, student reception by appointment.

Exam Board

GIANGUIDO RAMIS (President)

ANTONIO BARBUCCI (President)

LESSONS

Teaching methods

Lectures and practice. Practical abilities are tested during numerical exercises.

LESSONS START

According to Degree Programmes

ORARI

L'orario di tutti gli insegnamenti è consultabile su EasyAcademy.

Vedi anche:

CHEMISTRY

EXAMS

Exam description

Written and oral examinations.

Assessment methods

The written test is designed to establish only the minimum level of knowledge required to gain access to the next oral exam and does not have a numerical evaluation. It is based on a nine-question solution, both of a theoretical and numerical nature, similar to those discussed in the exercises and present in the appropriate section available in Aulaweb on the following topics: nomenclature of inorganic and organic compounds; Balancing exchange and redox reactions; Stoichiometric calculations; Application of the perfect gas law; radiochemistry; Electronic configurations of atoms, ionic compounds and biatomic molecules; Chemical bond; Thermodynamic and thermochemical; PH calculation for strong and weak electrolytes; electrochemistry; Chemical equilibrium; Status diagrams with 1 and 2 components; Electrical, magnetic and mechanical properties of materials; Chemical kinetics; metallurgy. The test is considered to be overcome with a number of exact answers greater than or equal to 5.

The oral test evaluates the basics chemistry knowledge necessary for the technological development of the process of transforming matter into safety and respectful of the environment. It is based on 3 questions of equivalent weight for evaluation purposes and drawn from the essential contents of the teaching related to: 1) the structure of matter; 2) transformation of matter; 3) relationship between structure and material properties.

FURTHER INFORMATION

Pre-requisites :

Basic physical and mathematical fundamentals.