ORGANIC PHYSIC CHEMISTRY

ORGANIC PHYSIC CHEMISTRY

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Code
90654
ACADEMIC YEAR
2016/2017
CREDITS
6 credits during the 1st year of 9018 Chemical Sciences (LM-54) GENOVA
SCIENTIFIC DISCIPLINARY SECTOR
CHIM/02
TEACHING LOCATION
GENOVA (Chemical Sciences)
semester
2° Semester

AIMS AND CONTENT

LEARNING OUTCOMES

The course aims to illustrate the simplest applications of modern quantum chemistry to organic chemistry: concepts and use of qualitative/semi-quantitative methods for the description of chemical reactions.

LEARNING OUTCOMES (FURTHER INFO)

In particular,  will be provided the elements to rationalize organic reactivity through symmetry properties (Woodward-Hoffmann rules) of the reactants and/or products, or by the analysis of the reaction profile (Frontier orbitals theory). It will also be provided the basic elements of quantum mechanics aimed at the description of ab-initio and semi-empirical methods used for the calculation of molecular properties.

Teaching methods

Traditional lessons

SYLLABUS/CONTENT

  • Introduction: definition of: transition state,  activated complex, reaction profile, methods for predicting the rectivity of a molecule.
  • Symmetry (notes), non-intersection rule.
  •  Molecular orbital symmetry conservation: construction of correlation diagrams for some typical types of reactions (cycloadditions, electrocyclic reactions).
  • Theory of frontier orbitals: Klopman-Salem equation demostration.
  • Applications of the Klopman-Salem equation (eg derivation of the Woodward-Hoffmann rules, HSAB theory).
  • Recalls of basic concepts of quantum mechanics.
  •  Ab-initio and semi-empirical methods.
  •  Modeling of chemical-physical properties of molecular systems.
  •  Interpretation of the output of a typical quantumchemical software (Gaussian).

RECOMMENDED READING/BIBLIOGRAPHY

  1. A. Szabo e N.S. Ostlund: Modern Quantum Chemistry.
  2. R.B. Woodward e R. Hoffmann: The Conservation of Orbital Symmetry.
  3. I. Fleming: Frontier Orbitals and Organic Chemical Reactions.
  4. T. A. Albright, J.K. Burdett e M. Whangbo: Orbital Interactions in Chemistry.
  5. J. B. Foresman e A. Frisch: Exploring Chemistry with Electronic Structure Methods.

TEACHERS AND EXAM BOARD

Ricevimento: All days, by appointment.

Exam Board

MARINA RUI (President)

MASSIMO OTTONELLI (President)

MAURIZIO FERRETTI

MARINA ALLOISIO

LESSONS

Teaching methods

Traditional lessons

EXAMS

Exam description

Oral examination.

Assessment methods

It is evaluated the student's ability to apply the methods studied, in the description of the molecules reactivity properties, by discussing specific cases combined with an audit of the depth and coherency of the knowledge and methodolgy described in the course. The oral examination is conducted by two faculty members and has a duration of at least 30 minutes.